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Privacy Rights in the Digital Age

Table of Contents

Publisher's Note

List of Contributors


Cross-cultural Perspectives on Privacy Rights


Administrative searches

Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Airport security systems


American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)

Anonymity and anonymizers

Apple, Inc.


Assange, Julian

Automated teller machines (ATMs)

Background checks

Bartnicki et ano v. Vopper, et al., 532 U.S. 514 (2001)

Beliefs, privacy of

Big data


Biometric Center of Excellence (BCOE)

Biometric Optical Surveillance System (BOSS)


Blockchain technologies

Body, privacy of the

Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act

Boundless Informant

Brain-computer interfacing (BCI)

Brandeis, Louis Dembitz (November 13, 1856 – October 5, 1941)

Caller ID

Cantrell v. Forest City Publishing Company, 419 U.S. 245 (1974)

Cell phones

Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT)

Central Security Service (CSS)

Children's Online Privacy Protection Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 6501–6508

Children's right to privacy

City of Ontario, Cal. v. Quon, 506 U.S 746 (2010)

City of Sherman v. Otis Henry, 928 S.W.2d 464 (1996)

Cloud computing

Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA)

Computer harvesting

Computers and privacy


Constitutional law

Consumer privacy


Cox Broadcasting Corporation v. Cohn, 420 U.S. 469 (1975)

Credit and debit cards

Credit reporting agencies (CRAs)

Criminal justice (criminal procedure)

Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health, 497 U.S. 261 (1990)

Customer proprietary network information (CPNI)

The Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (CISPA) H.R. 3523 (112th Congress), H.R. 624 (113th Congress), H.R. 234 (114th Congress)


Data breach notification laws

Data breaches

Data brokers

Data protection regimes

Data science

Debt collection

Defence and Security Media Advisory Committee (DSMA Committee)

Descartes, René (1596–1650)

DNA databases

Do-not-track legislation

Douglas, William Orville (1898–1980)

Driver's Privacy Protection Act of 1994 (DDPA), 18 U.S.C. 2271–2725


Drug and alcohol testing

Economic arguments for privacy rights

Education Data Exchange Network (EDEN)

Educational setting, privacy in an

Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA), 18 U.S.C. § 2510 et seq.

Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)

Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)

Electronic surveillance


Employment eligibility verification systems

End-of-life care

The Enlightenment

Espionage Act


Facial recognition technology (FRT)

Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), Public Law No. 91–508, of 1970

Fair information practice principles (FIPPs)

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), 20 U.S.C. § 1232g

Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

Federal Communications Commission v. AT&T Inc., 562 U.S. ___ (2 011)

Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

Financial information, privacy rights in

First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

Florida Star v. B.J.F., 491 U.S. 524 (1989)

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA), 92 Stat. 1783, 50 U.S.C. ch. 36

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC)

Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. § 552 (1966)

Genome sequencing

Global positioning system (GPS) tracking

Godkin, Edwin Lawrence (1831–1902)

Gonzaga University v. Doe, 536 U.S 273 (2002)


Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ)

Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) of 1999, 113 Stat. 133

Greenwald, Glenn (1967–)

Griswold v. State of Connecticut 381 U.S. 479 (1965)

Hacking, computer


Health care information

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), 110 Stat. 1936

HIV testing

Home, privacy of the

Homeland Security, U.S. Department of (DHS)

Homeless people, right to privacy of

Hustler Magazine v. Falwell, 485 U.S. 46 (1988)

Identity theft

In re iPhone Application Litigation, 844 F.Supp.2d 1040 (E.D. Cal. 2012)

Information Awareness Office (IAO)

Informative asymmetries


Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS)

Intellectual property

International Center for Information Ethics (ICIE)

Internet cafés


Invasion of privacy

Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347 (1967)

Kyllo v. United States, 533 U.S. 27 (2001)

Law enforcement

Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003)

Legal evolution of privacy rights in the United States

License plate reader system

Locke, John (1632–1704)

Magic Lantern


Manning, Chelsea Elizabeth

Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 495 (1961)


Mass media

Medical confidentiality, privacy right to


Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 U.S. 390 (1923)

Migrants and refugees in the United States, privacy rights of

Mobile devices

Model legislation on privacy

Moore v. East Cleveland, 431 U.S. 494 (1977)

Mug shots

National Archives and Records Administration v. Favish, 541 U.S. 157 (2004)

National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS)

National Security Agency (NSA)

New Jersey v. TLO, 469 U.S. 325 (1985)

New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, Abernathy, et al., 376 U.S. 254 (1964)

Next Generation Identification (NGI)


Official Secrets Act

Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438 (1928)

Open data movement

Open source

Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005 (PSQIA), 42 U.S.C. § 299b-21 to -26

Personal autonomy

Philosophical basis of privacy

Poitras, Laura



Privacy Act of 1974, 5 U.S.C. § 552a

Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (PCLOB)

Privacy laws, federal

Privacy laws, state

Privacy Protection Act, 42 U.S.C. § 2000aa et seq.

Privacy settings

Privacy torts

Private sphere

Prosser, William Lloyd (1898–1972)

Protect America Act of 2007 (PAA), Public Law 110–55

Public morality

Public records

Publicity, right of

Reno v. Condon, 528 U.S. 141 (2000)

Repository for Individuals of Special Concern (RISC)

Right to be forgotten

Right to be let alone

The Right to Privacy

Riley v. California, 134 S. Ct. 2473 (2014)

Safe Harbor

Search engines

Search warrants

Security flaws, computers

September 11


Sexual orientation

Smart meters



Snooper's Charter

Snowden, Edward Joseph

Social media

Social media profiling

Social networking technologies

Social Security numbers (SSNs)

Sorrell v. IMS Health, 131 S. Ct. 2653 (2011)




Stanley v. Georgia, 394 U.S. 557 (1969)

Stop and frisk policy

Stored Communications Act (SCA)


Supreme Court of the United States

Surveillance cameras



Terrorism and privacy

Text messaging

Theoretical basis for privacy

Time, Inc. v. Hill, 385 U.S. 374 (1967)


U.S. Department of Justice v. Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, 489 U.S. 749 (1989)

Unenumerated constitutional right, privacy as an

United States v. Jones, 132 S. Ct. 945 (2012)

USA FREEDOM Act, Pub. L. No. 114–23

USA PATRIOT Act, Pub. L. No. 107–52

Video Privacy Protection Act (18 USCA §2710)

Warren, Earl

Washington v. Glucksberg, 521 U.S. 702 (1997)

“We Are Watching You” Act

Wearable technology




Wilson v. Layne, 526 U.S. 603 (1999)


Workplace, privacy in the

Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co., 433 U.S. 562 (1977)


The Privacy Act of 1974

Chronology of Privacy Rights

Table of Privacy Rights Cases

Table of Statutes