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The Reference Shelf: U.S. National Debate Topic 2019-2020: Arms Sales

Table of Contents

Preface



1 History



Risk and Reward: The History of Arms Trading in the United States



A World of Weapons: Historians Shape Scholarship on Arms Trading



Where Did Iran Get Its Military Arms over the Last 70 Years?



“Merchants of Death”: The International Traffic in Arms



Let’s Talk about George H.W. Bush’s Role in the Iran-Contra Scandal



How British Businesses Helped the Confederacy Fight the American Civil War



As the US Entered World War I, American Soldiers Depended on Foreign Weapons Technology



Losing by “Winning”: America’s Wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria



2 Economics of the Arms Trade



Checks and Balances: The Economy of Warfare



How the Arms Trade Is Used to Secure Access to Oil



The Global Arms Trade Is Booming: Buyers Are Spoiled for Choice



Defense Firms Say Trump’s Saudi Arms Deal Will Create 500 American Jobs, While Trump Claimed as Many as 500,000



Trump to Unleash More Global Arms Sales



Arming the World: Inside Trump’s “Buy American” Drive to Expand Weapons Exports



Why Congress Supports Saudi Arms Sales



3 Arms and Foreign Policy



Guns and Diplomats: The Arms Trade and Foreign Policy



The Trump Administration Has a Plan to Compete with Russia and China over Weapon Sales



After Khashoggi, US Arms Sales to the Saudis Are Essential Leverage



US Remains Top Arms Exporter, but Russia Is Nipping at Its Heels



U.S. Approves New Military Sale to Taiwan, Drawing China’s Ire



U.S. Policy in the Arabian Peninsula: An Evaluation



Why Military Assistance Programs Disappoint: Minor Tools Can’t Solve Major Problems



America Needs to Sell More Weapons



Japan Wants Cruise Missiles (and That Should Terrify China or North Korea)



The New Iron Curtain: Russian Missile Defense Challenges U.S. Air Power



The Uneasy Co-Existence of Arms Exports and Feminist Foreign Policy



4 The Wrong Hands: Arms Deals, War, and Terror



The Wrong Hands



Sale of U.S. Arms Fuels the Wars of Arab States



Time to Rethink America’s Vast Arms Deals



Fired Up Over Firearms: How Do Export Controls Relate to 3-D Printing of Guns?



Pentagon Loses Track of $500 Million in Weapons, Equipment Given to Yemen



Can Selling Weapons to Oppressive and Violent States Ever Be Justified?



American Weapons in the Wrong Hands



5 The Human Cost



The Human Dimension: Arms Trades and Human Rights



How U.S. Guns Sold to Mexico End Up with Security Forces Accused of Crime and Human Rights Abuses



Ukraine: US Arms Sales Making Big Business Money While Ordinary People Pay the Price



U.S. Points Finger, and Arms Exports, at Human Rights Abusers



Want to Punish Saudi Arabia? Cut Off Its Weapons Supply



Trump Will Fuel War across World by Increasing U.S. Global Arms Sales



Arms Sales to Saudi “Illicit” Due to Civilian Deaths in Yemen: Campaigners



Trump’s Arms Exports Rules Will Undermine US Security and Risk Human Rights Abuses



Bibliography



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