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Principles of Climatology

Table of Contents

Publisher’s Note

Editor’s Introduction


Abrupt climate change

Acid rain and acid deposition

Aerosol Pollutants

Air pollution

Albedo feedback

Anthropogenic air pollution and pollutants

Anthropogenic climate change

Aral sea desiccation

Arctic and global warming

Arctic ocean

Atlantic heat conveyor

Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO)

Atlantic Ocean


Atmosphere and climate change

Atmosphere: Evolution

Atmosphere: Global circulation

Atmosphere: Structure and thermodynamics

Atmospheric and oceanic oscillations

Atmospheric boundary layer

Atmospheric chemistry and climate change

Atmospheric circulation

Atmospheric dynamics

Atmospheric inversions

Atmospheric opacity

Atmospheric oxygen

Atmospheric physics

Atmospheric sciences

Atmospheric structure and evolution

Average weather in climate studies

Barometric pressure and barometry

Carbon and carbon dioxide equivalent

Carbon dioxide in Earth’s atmosphere

Carbon equivalent

Carbon-oxygen cycle

Carbon sink

Catastrophist-cornucopian debate

Chlorofluorocarbons and related compounds

Chlorofluorocarbons and related compounds

Climate and the climate system

Climate change and global warming

Climate change theories

Climate feedback

Climate models and modeling

Climate prediction and projection

Climate reconstruction

Climate refugees

Climate sensitivity

Climate variability

Climate zones


Clouds and global climate

Continental climate

Coriolis Effect


Cyclones and anticyclones

Dating methods for climate change

Deep ocean currents



Earth-Sun relations

Ecosystems’ influence on climate

El Niño-Southern Oscillation and global warming

Enhanced greenhouse effect

Extreme weather events

Fabry quantifies ozone in the upper atmosphere


Fluid dynamics

Fog and regulation of the global climate

Forests and the mitigation of anthropogenic climate change

Fronts and climate change

General circulation models (GCM)



Global climate

Global Climate Coalition (GCC)

Global economy and climate change

Global monitoring

Global positioning system (GPS)

Global surface temperature

Global Warming in Antarctica

Great Lakes

Greenhouse gases and global warming

Ground ice and climate change

Gulf Stream

Gyres and climate change

Hadley circulation and climate change

Heat vs. temperature

Humidity and greenhouse gases

Hurricanes and typhoons

Hydrogen power

Ice ages and glaciations

Ice cores

Ice shelf collapses

Icebergs and Antarctica

Ice-out studies

Indian Ocean

Indicators of Climate Change and Global Warming

Interglacial period

Kilimanjaro’s ice cap

La Niña


Little Ice Age (LIA)

Long-term weather patterns

Maritime climate

Mean sea level

Medieval Warm Period (MWP)

Mediterranean climate

Megacities’ effects on local climates

Meridional overturning circulation (MOC)

Meteorology and climate policy

Methane’s global warming potential

Modes of climate variability


North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)

North Sea

Observational data of the atmosphere and oceans

Ocean dynamics

Ocean life and rising water temperatures

Ocean structure and atmosphere coupling

Ozone depletion and ozone holes

Pacific Ocean

Paleoclimates and paleoclimate change

Physics of weather

Plankton and the mitigation of the greenhouse effect

Pleistocene climate

Polar bears and climate change

Polar climate

Polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs)

Polar vortex


Probability and statistics

Rain forests and the atmosphere

Recent climate change research

Remote sensing of the atmosphere and oceans

Satellite meteorology

Sea ice and the global climate

Sea levels

Sea sediments and climate change

Sea surface temperatures (SST)

Seasonal changes

Seawater composition

Severe storms

Solar cycle

Storm surges

Surface ocean currents

Thermohaline circulation (THC) and the Thermocline


Tree rings and climatological information

Tropical climate

Tropical weather


Urban heat island (UHI)

Urban heat island (UHI) and Megacities

Volcanoes and climate

Weather forecasting: Numerical weather prediction

Weather modification

Weather vs. climate

Wetlands and sea-level rise


World ocean circulation experiment

Timeline of Periods and Events in Climate History


General Bibliography and Additional Reading