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Magill’s Medical Guide, 8th Edition

Table of Contents

Publisher’s Note



Editor’s Introduction



List of Contributors



Complete Table of Contents



Abdomen



Abdominal disorders



Abortion



Abscess drainage



Abscesses



Abuse of the elderly



Abusive relationships



Accidents



Accountable care organizations (ACOs)



Acetaminophen



Achalasia



Acid-base chemistry



Acid reflux disease



Acidosis



Acne



Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)



Acupressure



Acupuncture



Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)



Addiction



Addison’s disease



Adenoid removal. See Tonsillectomy and adenoid removal.



Adenoids



Adenoviruses



Adipose tissue



Adolescent sexuality



Adrenal glands



Adrenalectomy



Adrenoleukodystrophy



Advance directives



Aerobics



Aging



Aging: Extended care



Agnosia



AIDS. See Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).



Alcoholism



Allergies



Allied health



Alopecia



Alternative medicine



Altitude sickness



Alzheimer’s disease



Amebiasis



Amenorrhea



American Medical Association (AMA)



Amnesia



Amniocentesis



Amniotic fluid



Amphetamine



Amputation



Amylase



Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)



Anal cancer



Analgesic



Anatomy



Anemia



Anesthesia



Anesthesiology



Aneurysmectomy



Aneurysms



Angelman syndrome



Angina



Angiography



Angioplasty



Animal rights vs. research



Ankylosing spondylitis



Anorexia nervosa



Anosmia



Anthrax



Antianxiety drugs



Antibiotic resistance



Antibiotics



Antibodies



Anticoagulants



Antidepressants



Antihistamines



Antihypertensives



Anti-inflammatory drugs



Antioxidants



Antipsychotic drugs



The Antivaccine Movement



Anus



Anxiety



Aortic aneurysm



Aortic stenosis



Apgar score



Aphasia and dysphasia



Aphrodisiacs



Apnea



Appendectomy



Appendicitis



Aromatherapy



Arrhythmias



Arteriosclerosis



Arthritis



Arthroplasty



Arthroscopy



Asbestos exposure



Asperger syndrome



Aspergillosis



Asphyxiation



Aspirin



Assisted living facilities



Assisted reproductive technologies



Assisted suicide



Asthma



Astigmatism



Astym® therapy



Ataxia



Athlete’s foot



Atrial fibrillation



Atrophy



Attention-deficit disorder (ADD)



Audiology



Auras



Auscultation



Autism



Autoimmune disorders



Autopsy



Avian influenza



Babesiosis



Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)



Back disorders. See Back pain; Spinal cord disorders.



Back pain



Bacterial infections



Bacteriology



Balance disorders



Baldness. See Hair loss.



Bariatric surgery



Basal cell carcinoma. See Skin cancer.



Batten’s disease



Bed-wetting



Bedsores



Behçet’s disease



Bell’s palsy



Benign prostatic hyperplasia. See Prostate enlargement.



Beriberi



Bile



Bilirubin



Biofeedback



Bioinformatics



Biological therapies



Biomarker



Bionics and biotechnology



Biopsy



Biostatistics



Biotechnology. See Bionics and biotechnology.



Bipolar disorders



Birth. See Childbirth; Childbirth complications.



Birth defects



Bites and stings



Bladder cancer



Bladder infections. See Urinary disorders.



Bladder removal



Bladder stones. See Stone removal; Stones.



Bleeding



Blepharoplasty. See Face lift and blepharoplasty.



Blindness



Blindsight



Blisters



Blood and blood disorders



Blood banks



Blood poisoning. See Septicemia.



Blood pressure



Blood testing



Blood transfusion. See Transfusion.



Blood vessels



Blue baby syndrome



Blurred vision



Body dysmorphic disorder



Bonding



Bone cancer



Bone disorders



Bone grafting



Bone marrow



Bone marrow transplantation



Bones and the skeleton



Botox



Botulism



Bowlegs



Braces, orthodontic



Braces, orthopedic



Brain



Brain banks



Brain damage



Brain death



Brain disorders



Brain tumors



Breast biopsy



Breast cancer



Breast disorders



Breast-feeding



Breast surgery



Breasts, female



Bronchi



Bronchiolitis



Bronchitis



Brucellosis



Bruises



Bulimia



Bunions



Burkitt’s lymphoma



Burns and scalds



Bursitis



Bypass surgery



Caffeine



Campylobacter infections



Cancer



Candidiasis



Canker sores



Capgras syndrome



Carbohydrates



Carcinogens



Carcinoma



Cardiac arrest



Cardiac rehabilitation



Cardiac surgery



Cardiology



Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)



Carotid arteries



Carpal tunnel syndrome



Carticel®



Cartilage



Casts and splints



CAT scans. See Computed tomography (CT) scanning.



Cataract surgery



Cataracts



Catheterization



Cavities



Celiac sprue



Cells



Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)



Cerebral palsy



Cervical, ovarian, and uterine cancers



Cervical procedures



Cesarean section



Chagas’ disease



Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease



Chemotherapy



Chest



Chest pain. See Angina; Heart attack; Pain.



Chiari malformations



Chickenpox



Childbirth



Childbirth complications



Childhood infectious diseases



Chiropractic



Chlamydia



Choking



Cholecystectomy



Cholecystitis



Cholera



Cholesterol



Chorionic villus sampling



Chromosomal abnormalities. See Birth defects; Genetic diseases.



Chronic fatigue syndrome



Chronic granulomatous disease



Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)



Chronic wasting disease (CWD)



Chyme



Circulation



Circumcision, female, and genital mutilation



Circumcision, male



Cirrhosis



Claudication



Cleft lip and palate



Cleft lip and palate repair



Clinical trials



Clinics



Cloning



Clostridium difficile (C. diff.)



Club drugs



Cluster headaches



Coccidioidomycosis



Cockayne disease



Cognitive development



Cognitive enhancement



Cold agglutinin disease



Cold sores



Colic



Colitis



Collagen



Collodion baby



Colon



Colon therapy



Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy



Color blindness



Colorectal cancer



Colorectal polyp removal



Colorectal surgery



Coma. See Minimally conscious state.



Common cold



Computed tomography (CT) scanning



Conception



Entries by Anatomy or System Affected



Entries by Specialties and Related Fields



Concussion



Congenital adrenal hyperplasia



Congenital disorders



Congenital heart disease



Congenital hypothyroidism



Congestive heart failure. See Heart failure.



Conjunctivitis



Connective tissue



Constipation



Contraception



Contracture



Corneal transplantation



Cornelia de Lange syndrome



Corns and calluses



Coronary artery bypass graft



Coronaviruses



Corticosteroids



Cosmetic surgery. See Plastic surgery.



Coughing



Craniosynostosis



Craniotomy



Cretinism. See Congenital hypothyroidism.



Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)



CRISPR (Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)



Critical care



Crohn’s disease



Crossed eyes. See Strabismus.



Croup



Crowns and bridges



Cryosurgery



CT scanning. See Computed tomography (CT) scanning.



Culdocentesis



Cushing’s syndrome



Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita



Cyanosis



Cyst removal



Cystic fibrosis



Cystitis



Cystoscopy



Cysts



Cytology



Cytomegalovirus (CMV)



Cytopathology



Deafness



Death and dying



Decongestants



Deep brain stimulation



Deep vein thrombosis



Defibrillation



Dehydration



Delirium



Dementias



Dengue fever



Dental diseases



Dentistry



Dentures



Department of Health and Human Services



Depression



Dermatitis



Dermatology



Dermatomyositis



Dermatopathology



Developmental disorders



Developmental stages



Diabetes mellitus



Diabetic nephropathy



Diabetic neuropathy



Diagnosis



Dialysis



Diaphragm



Diarrhea and dysentery



Diet. See Nutrition.



Dietary deficiencies. See Malnutrition; Nutrition; Vitamins and minerals.



Dietary reference intakes (DRIs)



DiGeorge syndrome



Digestion



Diphtheria



Dirofilaria immitis



Disease



Disk removal



Dislocation. See Fracture and dislocation.



Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)



Diuretics



Diverticulitis and diverticulosis



Dizziness and fainting



Down syndrome



Drowning



Drug addiction. See Addiction.



Dry eye



Dwarfism



Dysentery. See Diarrhea and dysentery.



Dysarthria



Dyskinesia



Dyslexia



Dysmenorrhea



Dysphasia. See Aphasia and dysphasia.



Dysphagia



Dystonia



E. coli infection



Ear infections and disorders



Ear, nose, and throat medicine. See Otorhinolaryngology.



Ear surgery



Ears



Earwax



Eating disorders



Ebola virus



ECG or EKG. See Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG).



Echocardiography



Eclampsia. See Preeclampsia and eclampsia.



Ectopic pregnancy



Eczema



Edema



EEG. See Electroencephalography (EEG).



Ehrlichiosis



Electrical shock



Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG)



Electrocauterization



Electroencephalography (EEG)



Electrolytes. See Fluids and electrolytes.



Electrolysis



Electromyography



Electronic prescribing



Elephantiasis



Embolism



Embolization



Embryology



Emergency medicine



Emergency rooms



Emerging infectious diseases



Emphysema



Enamel



Encephalitis



End-stage renal disease



Endarterectomy



Endocarditis



Endocrine disorders



Endocrine glands



Endocrinology



Endocrinology, pediatric



Endodontic disease



Endometrial biopsy



Endometriosis



Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)



Endoscopy



Enemas



Enterocolitis



Enteroviruses



Enuresis. See Bed-wetting.



Environmental diseases



Enzyme therapy



Epidemics and pandemics



Epidemiology



Epidermal nevus syndromes



Epiglottitis



Epilepsy



Episiotomy



Epstein-Barr virus



Equine therapy



Erectile dysfunction



Ergogenic aids



Esophageal cancer. See Mouth and throat cancer.



Esophagus



Estrogen replacement therapy. See Hormone therapy.



Essential nutrients



Ethics



Euthanasia



Ewing’s sarcoma



Exercise physiology



Extended care for the aging. See Aging: Extended care.



Extended care for the terminally ill. See Terminally ill: Extended care.



Extremities. See Feet; Foot disorders; Lower extremities; Upper extremities.



Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)



Eye infections and disorders



Eye surgery



Eyes



Face lift and blepharoplasty



Facial palsy. See Bell’s palsy.



Facial transplantation



Factitious disorders



Failure to thrive



Fainting. See Dizziness and fainting.



Fallopian tube



Family-centered care



Family medicine



Fascia



Fasting



Fatigue



Fatty acid



Fatty acid oxidation disorders



Fecal bacteriotherapy



Feet



Fetal alcohol syndrome



Fetal surgery



Fetal tissue transplantation



Fetus



Fever



Fiber



Fibrocystic breast condition



Fibromyalgia



Fifth disease



Fingernail removal. See Nail removal.



First aid



First responder



Fistula repair



Flat feet



Flexibility



Fluids and electrolytes



Fluoride treatments



Fluoroscopy. See Imaging and radiology.



Folate deficiency



Food allergies



Food and Drug Administration (FDA)



Food biochemistry



Food guide plate



Food poisoning



Foot disorders



Forensic pathology



Fracture and dislocation



Fracture repair



Fragile X syndrome



Frontal lobe syndrome



Frontotemporal dementia (FTD)



Frostbite



Fructosemia



Functional magnetic imaging (fMRI)



Fungal infections



Galactorrhea



Galactosemia



Gallbladder



Gallbladder cancer



Gallbladder diseases



Gallbladder removal. See Cholecystectomy.



Gallstones. See Gallbladder diseases; Stone removal; Stones.



Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)



Ganglion removal



Ganglions. See Cysts; Ganglion removal.



Gangrene



Gastrectomy



Gastric bypass. See Bariatric surgery.



Gastritis. See Abdominal disorders; Gastroenteritis; Gastrointestinal disorders.



Gastroenteritis



Gastroenterology



Gastrointestinal disorders



Gastrointestinal system



Gastrostomy



Gaucher’s disease



Gender dysphoria



Gender reassignment surgery



Gene therapy



Genetic counseling



Genetic diseases



Genetic engineering



Genetic imprinting



Genetic sequencing. See Genomics.



Genetics and inheritance



Genital disorders, female



Genital disorders, male



Genomics



Geriatric assessment



Geriatrics and gerontology



Gestational diabetes



Giardiasis



Gigantism



Gingivitis



Glands



Glasgow coma scale



Glaucoma



Glomerulonephritis. See Nephritis.



Glioma



Glucagon



Glucose tolerance test



Gluten



Gluten intolerance



Glycerol



Glycogen storage diseases



Glycolysis



Goiter



Gonorrhea



Gout



Grafts and grafting



Gram staining



Growth



Guillain-Barré syndrome



Gulf War syndrome



Gum disease



Gynecology



Gynecomastia



Hair



Hair transplantation



Entries by Anatomy or System Affected



Entries by Specialties and Related Fields



Hammertoe correction



Hammertoes



Hand-foot-and-mouth disease



Hand hygiene compliance



Hantavirus



Harelip. See Cleft lip and palate.



Hashimoto’s thyroiditis



Havening touch



Hay fever



Head and neck disorders



Headaches



Healing



Health



Health care proxy



Health care reform



Health information: access and utilization



Health impact of sugar



Health maintenance organizations (HMOs)



Hearing



Hearing aids



Hearing loss



Hearing tests



Heart



Heart attack



Heart disease



Heart failure



Heart transplantation



Heart valve replacement



Heat exhaustion and heatstroke



Heel spur removal



Heimlich maneuver



Hemangioma



Hematocrit



Hematology



Hematomas



Hematuria



Hemiplegia



Hemochromatosis



Hemoglobin



Hemolysis



Hemolytic disease of the newborn



Hemolytic uremic syndrome



Hemophilia



Hemorrhage. See Bleeding.



Hemorrhoid banding and removal



Hemorrhoids



Hepatitis



Herbal medicine



Herd immunity



Hermaphroditism and pseudohermaphroditism



Hernia



Hernia repair



Herniated disk. See Slipped disk.



Herpes



Hiccups



Hip fracture repair



Hip replacement



Hippocampus



Hippocratic oath



Hirschsprung’s disease



Histiocytosis



Histology



HIV. See Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).



Hives



Hodgkin’s disease



Home care



Homeopathy



H1N1 influenza



Hormone therapy



Hormones



Hospice



Hospital readmission



Host-defense mechanisms



Human Genome Project. See Genomics.



Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)



Human papillomavirus (HPV)



Human respiratory system



Huntington’s disease



Hyaluronic acid injections



Hydroceles



Hydrocephalus



Hydrotherapy



Hyperadiposis



Hyperbaric chamber



Hyperbaric oxygen therapy



Hypercholesterolemia



Hyperhidrosis



Hyperlipidemia



Hyperparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism



Hyperplasia



Hypertension



Hyperthermia and hypothermia



Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism



Hypertrophy



Hyperventilation



Hypnosis



Hypochondriasis



Hypoglycemia



Hypoparathyroidism. See Hyperparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism.



Hypogonadism



Hypokalemia



Hypospadias repair and urethroplasty



Hypotension



Hypothalamus



Hypothermia. See Hyperthermia and hypothermia.



Hypothyroidism. See Congenital hypothyroidism.



Hypoxia



Hysterectomy



Iatrogenic disorders



Ileostomy and colostomy



Imaging and radiology



Immune system



Immunization and vaccination



Immunodeficiency disorders



Immunopathology



Impetigo



Impotence. See Sexual dysfunction.



In vitro fertilization



Incontinence



Infarction



Infarction, myocardial. See Heart attack.



Infection



Infection control



Infertility, female



Infertility, male



Inflammation



Influenza



Informed consent



Insect-borne diseases



Insomnia. See Sleep disorders.



The Institute of Medicine



Intensive care. See Critical care.



Insulin



Insulin-like growth factors



Integrative medicine



Intellectual disability



Intensive care unit (ICU)



Internal medicine



Internet medicine



Interpartner violence



Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)



Intestinal cancer. See Stomach, intestinal, and pancreatic cancers.



Intestinal disorders



Intestines



Intoxication. See Alcoholism; Poisoning.



Intravenous (IV) therapy



Intraventricular hemorrhage



Invasive tests



Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)



Ischemia



Jaundice



Jaw wiring



Joint diseases. See Arthritis.



Joint replacement. See Arthroplasty; Hip replacement.



Joints



Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis



Kaposi’s sarcoma



Karyotyping



Kawasaki disease



Keratitis



Ketogenic diet



Kidney cancer



Kidney disorders



Kidney removal. See Nephrectomy.



Kidney stones. See Kidney disorders; Stone removal; Stones.



Kidney transplantation



Kidneys



Kinesiology



Klinefelter syndrome



Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome



Kluver-Bucy syndrome



Knee



Kneecap removal



Knock-knees



Korsakoff’s syndrome



Kwashiorkor



Kyphosis



Laboratory tests



Laceration repair



Lactose intolerance



Laminectomy and spinal fusion



Laparoscopy



Laryngectomy



Laryngitis



Laser use in surgery



Law and medicine



Lead poisoning



Leaky gut syndrome



Learning disabilities



Legionnaires’ disease



Leishmaniasis



Leprosy



Leptin



Leptospirosis



Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ)



Lesions



Leukemia



Leukodystrophy



Lice, mites, and ticks



Ligaments



Light therapy



Lipids



Liposuction



Lisping



Listeria infections



Lithotripsy



Liver



Liver cancer



Liver disorders



Liver transplantation



Local anesthesia



Lockjaw. See Tetanus.



Lou Gehrig’s disease. See Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.



Longevity



Lower extremities



Lumbar puncture



Lumpectomy. See Mastectomy and lumpectomy.



Lumps, breast. See Breast cancer; Breast disorders; Breasts, female.



Lung cancer



Lung diseases. See Pulmonary diseases.



Lung surgery



Lungs



Lupus. See Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).



Lyme disease



Lymph



Lymphadenopathy and lymphoma



Lymphatic disorders. See Lymphadenopathy and lymphoma.



Lymphatic system



Lymphoma. See Lymphadenopathy and lymphoma.



Macronutrients



Macular degeneration



Magnetic field therapy



Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)



Malabsorption



Malaria



Malignancy and metastasis



Malnutrition



Mammography



Managed care



Manic-depressive disorder. See Bipolar disorders.



Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD)



Marburg virus



Marfan syndrome



Marijuana



Massage



Mastectomy and lumpectomy



Mastitis



Masturbation



Measles



Meckel’s diverticulum



Medical home



Medical microbiology



Medicare



Meditation



Melanoma



Melatonin



Memory erasure



Memory loss



Ménière’s disease



Meningitis



Menopause



Menorrhagia



Men’s health



Menstruation



Mental hygiene



Mental illness. See Psychiatric disorders; specific diseases.



Mental status exam



Mercury poisoning



Mesenchymal stem cells



Mesothelioma



Metabolic disorders



Metabolic syndrome



Metabolism



Metastasis. See Cancer; Malignancy and metastasis.



Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections



Microbiology



Microscopy



Microscopy, slitlamp



Minimally conscious state



Mirror neurons



Miscarriage



Mites. See Bites and stings; Lice, mites, and ticks; Parasitic diseases.



Mitral valve prolapse



Mold and mildew



Moles



Monkeypox



Mononucleosis



Morgellons disease



Mosquito bites. See Bites and stings; Insectborne diseases



Motion sickness



Motor neuron diseases



Motor skill development



Mouth and throat cancer



MRI. See Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).



Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS)



Multiple births



Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome



Multiple sclerosis



Mumps



Münchausen syndrome by proxy



Muscle sprains, spasms, and disorders



Muscles



Muscular dystrophy



Mutation



Myasthenia gravis



Myocardial infarction. See Heart attack.



Myoglobin



Myomectomy



Myopia



Myringotomy



Nail removal



Nails



Narcolepsy



Narcotics



Entries by Anatomy or System Affected



Entries by Specialties and Related Fields



Nasal polyp removal



Nasopharyngeal disorders



National Cancer Institute (NCI)



National Institutes of Health (NIH)



Nausea and vomiting



Neck injuries and disorders. See Head and neck disorders.



Necrosis



Necrotizing fasciitis



Neonatal brachial plexus palsy



Neonatology



Nephrectomy



Nephritis



Nephrology



Nervous system



Neuralgia, neuritis, and neuropathy



Neuroethics



Neurofibromatosis



Neuroimaging



Neurology



Neurology, pediatric



Neuropsychology



Neurorehabilitation



Neuroscience



Neurosis



Neurosurgery



Neutrophil



Niacin



Nicotine



Niemann-Pick disease



Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)



Noninvasive tests



Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)



Noroviruses



Nuclear medicine



Nuclear radiology



Numbness and tingling



Nursing



Nutrition



Obesity



Obesity, childhood



Obsessive-compulsive disorder



Obstetrics



Occupational health



Oncology



Ophthalmology



Opportunistic infections



Optometry



Oral and maxillofacial surgery



Orchiectomy



Orchitis



Organs. See Systems and organs.



Orthodontics



Orthopedic braces. See Braces, orthopedic.



Orthopedic surgery



Orthopedics



Orthorexia nervosa



Osgood-Schlatter disease



Osteoarthritis



Osteochondritis juvenilis



Osteoclast



Osteogenesis imperfecta



Osteomyelitis



Osteonecrosis



Osteopathic medicine



Osteopetrosis



Osteoporosis



Otoplasty



Otorhinolaryngology



Ovarian cancer. See Cervical, ovarian, and uterine cancers.



Ovarian cysts



Ovaries



Over-the-counter medications



Overtraining syndrome



Oxygen therapy



Oxytocin



Pacemaker implantation



Paget’s disease



Pain



Pain management



Palliative care



Palliative medicine



Palpitations



Palsy



Pancreas



Pancreatic cancer. See Stomach, intestinal, and pancreatic cancers.



Pancreatitis



Panic attacks. See Anxiety.



Pap test



Paralysis



Paramedics



Paranoia



Paraplegia



Parasitic diseases



Parathyroidectomy



Parkinson’s disease



Patellofemoral pain syndrome



Patent ductus arteriosus



Pathology



Patient-centered medical home



Pediatrics



Pellagra



Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)



Penile implant surgery



Peptic ulcers. See Ulcers.



Perinatology



Periodontal surgery



Periodontitis



Peristalsis



Peritonitis



Pertussis. See Whooping cough.



PET scanning. See Positron emission tomography (PET) scanning.



Pharmacology



Pharyngitis



Pharynx



Phenylketonuria (PKU)



Phlebitis



Phlebotomy



Phobias



Phrenology



Physical examination



Physical rehabilitation



Physician assistants



Physiology



Phytochemicals



Pick’s disease



PID. See Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).



Pigeon toes



Pigmentation



Pimples. See Acne.



Pinworms



Pituitary gland



Pityriasis alba



Pityriasis rosea



PKU. See Phenylketonuria (PKU)



Placenta



Plague



Plaque, arterial



Plaque, dental



Plasma



Plastic surgery



Pleurisy



Pneumocystis jirovecii



Pneumonia



Pneumothorax



Podiatry



Poisoning



Poliomyelitis



Polycystic kidney disease



Polycystic ovary syndrome



Polydactyly and syndactyly



Polyp removal. See Colorectal polyp removal; Nasal polyp removal.



Polymyalgia rheumatica



Polymyositis



Polyps



Porphyria



Positron emission tomography (PET) scanning



Postherpetic neuralgia



Postpartum depression



Post-traumatic stress disorder



Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS)



Prader-Willi syndrome



Precocious puberty



Preeclampsia and eclampsia



Pregnancy and gestation



Pregnancy test



Premature birth



Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)



Presbyopia



Preventive medicine



Primary care



Prion diseases



Proctology



Progeria



Prognosis



Prostate cancer



Prostate enlargement



Prostate gland



Prostate gland removal



Prostheses



Protein



Proteinuria



Proteomics



Protozoan diseases



Psoriasis



Psychiatric disorders



Psychiatry



Psychiatry, child and adolescent



Psychiatry, geriatric



Psychoanalysis



Psychosis



Psychosomatic disorders



Pterygium/Pinguecula



Ptosis



Puberty and adolescence



Public health. See Occupational health.



Pulmonary heart disease



Pulmonary diseases



Pulmonary edema



Pulmonary hypertension



Pulmonary medicine



Pulse pressure



Pulse rate



Pyelonephritis



Pyloric stenosis



Quadriplegia



Quinsy



Rabies



Radiation sickness



Radiation therapy



Radiculopathy



Radiology. See Imaging and radiology; Nuclear radiology.



Radiopharmaceuticals



Rape and sexual assault



Reconstructive surgery. See Plastic surgery.



Rectal polyp removal. See Colorectal polyp removal.



Rectal surgery. See Colorectal surgery.



Raynaud’s Phenomenon



Recreational therapy



Rectum



Reflexes, primitive



Refractive eye surgery



Reiter’s syndrome



Relaxation



Reminiscence therapy



Renal failure



Reproductive system



Research vs. animal rights. See Animal rights vs. research.



Respiration



Respiratory diseases. See Pulmonary diseases; Respiration; specific diseases.



Respiratory distress syndrome



Restless legs syndrome



Resuscitation



Retina



Retinal detachment



Retroviruses



Reye’s syndrome



Rh factor



Rheumatic fever



Rheumatoid arthritis



Rheumatology



Rhinitis



Rhinoplasty and submucous resection



Rhinoviruses



Rickets



Ringworm



Rocky Mountain spotted fever



Root canal treatment



Rosacea



Roseola



Rotator cuff surgery



Rotavirus



Roundworms



Rubella



Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome



Safety issues for children



Safety issues for the elderly



Salmonella infection



Sarcoidosis



Sarcoma



SARS. See Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).



Scabies



Scalds. See Burns and scalds.



Scarlet fever



Schistosomiasis



Schizophrenia



Sciatica



SCID. See Severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (SCID).



Scleroderma



Scoliosis



Scope of practice



Screening



Scurvy



Seasonal affective disorder



Seizures



Self-medication



Semen



Sense organs



Separation anxiety



Septicemia



Serology



Serotonin



Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)



Severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (SCID)



Sexual differentiation



Sexual dysfunction



Sexual reassignment



Sexuality



Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)



Shaking. See Tremors.



Shigellosis



Shingles



Shock



Shock therapy



Shunts



Sickle cell disease



SIDS. See Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).



Signs and symptoms



Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)



Sinusitis



Sjögren’s syndrome



Skeletal disorders and diseases. See Bone disorders.



Skeleton. See Bones and the skeleton.



Skin



Skin cancer



Skin disorders



Skin grafting. See Grafts and grafting.



Entries by Anatomy or System Affected



Entries by Specialties and Related Fields



Skin lesion removal



Sleep



Sleep apnea



Sleep disorders



Sleeping sickness



Sleepwalking



Slipped disk



Small intestine



Smallpox



Smell



Smoking



Snakebites



Sodium



Soiling



Solution-focused brief therapy



Sore throat



Speech disorders



Sperm banks



Sphincterectomy



Spider bites. See Bites and stings.



Spina bifida



Spinal cord disorders



Spinal fusion. See Laminectomy and spinal fusion.



Spinal tap. See Lumbar puncture.



Spine, vertebrae, and disks



Spinocerebellar ataxia



Splenectomy



Split-brain



Spondylitis



Sports medicine



Sprains. See Muscle sprains, spasms, and disorders.



Squamous cell carcinoma. See Skin cancer.



Staphylococcal infections



Statins



Stem cells



Stenosis



Stents



Sterilization



Steroid abuse



Steroids



Stevens-Johnson syndrome



Stillbirth



Stings. See Bites and stings.



Stomach, intestinal, and pancreatic cancers



Stomach removal. See Gastrectomy.



Stone removal



Stones



Strabismus



Strength training



Streptococcal infections



Stress



Stress reduction



Strokes



Sturge-Weber syndrome



Stuttering



Styes



Subdural hematoma



Substance abuse



Successful aging



Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)



Suffocation. See Asphyxiation.



Suicide



Supplements



Surgery, general



Surgery, pediatric



Surgical procedures



Surgical technologists



Sweating



Sympathectomy



Syndrome



Synesthesia



Syphilis



Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)



Systemic sclerosis



Systems and organs



Tapeworms



Tardive dyskinesia



Taste



Tattoo removal



Tattoos and body piercing



Tay-Sachs disease



Tears and tear ducts



Teeth



Teething



Telemedicine. See Internet medicine.



Telehealth nursing



Temporal arteritis



Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome



Tendinitis



Tendon disorders



Tendon repair



Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis)



Teratogens



Terminally ill: Extended care



Testicles, undescended



Testicular cancer



Testicular surgery



Testicular torsion



Tests. See Invasive tests; Laboratory tests; Noninvasive tests.



Testosterone



Tetanus



Thalassemia



Thalidomide



Thoracic surgery



Throat. See Esophagus; Pharynx.



Throat, sore. See Sore throat.



Thrombocytopenia



Thrombolytic therapy and TPA



Thrombosis and thrombus



Thumb sucking



Thymus gland



Thyroid disorders



Thyroid gland



Thyroidectomy



TIAs. See Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs).



Ticks. See Lice, mites, and ticks.



Tics



Tingling. See Numbness and tingling.



Tinnitus



Tiredness. See Fatigue.



Toenail removal. See Nail removal.



Tissue engineering



Toilet training



Tommy John surgery



Tonsillectomy and adenoid removal



Tonsillitis



Tonsils



Tooth decay. See Cavities.



Tooth extraction



Torticollis



Touch



Tourette’s syndrome



Toxemia



Toxic shock syndrome



Toxicology



Toxoplasmosis



Trachea



Tracheostomy



Trachoma



Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)



Transfusion



Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)



Transitional care



Transplantation



Traumatic brain injury



Tremors



Trichinosis



Trichomoniasis



Tubal ligation



Tuberculosis



Tularemia



Tumor removal



Tumors



Turner syndrome



Twins. See Multiple births.



Typhoid fever



Typhus



Ulcer surgery



Ulcerative colitis



Ulcers



Ultrasonography



Umbilical cord



Undescended testicles. See Testicles, undescended.



Upper extremities



Uremia



Urethritis



Urethroplasty. See Hypospadias repair and urethroplasty.



Urinalysis



Urinary disorders



Urinary system



Urology



Uterine cancer. See Cervical, ovarian, and uterine cancers.



Uterus



Vaccination. See Immunization and vaccination.



Vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC)



Vagotomy



Vagus nerve



Varicose vein removal



Varicose veins



Vas deferens



Vascular medicine



Vascular system



Vasculitis



Vasectomy



Venereal diseases. See Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).



Vasopressin



Venous insufficiency



Vertigo



Viral hemorrhagic fevers



Viral infections



Virtual imaging



Vision



Vision correction. See Refractive eye surgery.



Vision disorders



Vitamin D deficiency



Vitamins



Vitamins and minerals



Vitiligo



Voice and vocal cord disorders



Vomiting. See Nausea and vomiting.



Von Willebrand’s disease



Walking



Weaning



Weight loss and gain



Weight loss medications



Well-baby examinations



Wernicke’s aphasia



West Nile virus



Whiplash



Whooping cough



Wilms tumor



Williams syndrome



Wilson’s disease



Wisdom teeth



Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome



Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome



World Health Organization



Wounds



X rays. See Imaging and radiology.



Xenotransplantation



Yeast infections. See Candidiasis.



Yellow fever



Yoga



Zoonoses



Glossary



Symptoms and Warning Signs



Diseases and Other Medical Conditions



Pharmaceutical List



Types of Health Care Providers



General Bibliography



Resources



Entries by Anatomy or System Affected



Entries by Specialties and Related Fields