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Great Events from History: African American History

Table of Contents

Publisher’s Note

Editor’s Introduction

Introduction to African American History

Table of Contents: Great Events from History: African Americans


African-American cultural impact on US culture

Black church




Science and Technology


Cubans and African Americans

Demographic trends

Economic trends



Film history



Irish and African Americans


Jews and African Americans

Koreans and African Americans


The Media



Native Americans and African Americans

Politics and government


Segregation on the frontier



Slavery and families

Slavery and women

Slavery and race relations

Slavery and the justice system


West Indians

Chronology of Events

The Middle Passage to American Slavery

Africans Arrive in Virginia

Virginia Slave Codes

Charles Town Is Founded

Expansion of the Atlantic Slave Trade 18th century

New York City Slave Revolt

Settlement of the Carolinas

Settlement of Georgia

Stono Rebellion

Caribbean Slave Rebellions

African American Baptist Church Is Founded

Pennsylvania Society for the Abolition of Slavery Is Founded

Northeast States Abolish Slavery

Freemasons in Boston

Three-fifths compromise

Free African Society Is Founded

Northwest Ordinance

Second Great Awakening

Fugitive Slave Law of 1793

Whitney Invents the Cotton Gin

Negro Conventions

Social Reform Movement

Missouri Compromise

Denmark Vesey Revolt

John Brown Russwurm publishes Freedom’s Journal

Turner’s slave insurrection

Garrison Begins Publishing The Liberator

American Anti-Slavery Society Is Founded

Texas Revolution

AMISTAD Slave Revolt

Groves v. Slaughter

Lombard Street Race Riot of 1842

Muncy Abolitionist Riot of 1842

First Minstrel Shows

Douglass Launches The North Star

Harriet Tubman escapes to freedom

Compromise of 1850

Fugitive Slave Law of 1850

Sojourner Truth speaks at Akron Woman’s Rights Convention

Sojourner Truth

Stowe Publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin

National Council of Colored People Is Founded

Birth of the Republican Party

Congress Passes the Kansas-Nebraska Act

Emigration Convention of 1854

Bleeding Kansas

First African American University Opens

Dred Scott V. Sandford

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Clotilde capture

Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry

Lincoln Is Elected U.S. President

Civil War

Establishment of the Confederate States of America

Lincoln Is Inaugurated President

First Battle of Bull Run

Confiscation Acts of 1861 and 1862

Lincoln Issues the Emancipation Proclamation

54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment Leads a Mass Assault against Fort Wagner

Draft riots

Battles of Gettysburg, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga

Surrender at Appomattox and Assassination of Lincoln

Sherman Marches Through Georgia and the Carolinas


Watie Is Last Confederate General to Surrender

Thirteenth Amendment Is Ratified

Congress Creates the Freedmen’s Bureau

Birth of the Ku Klux Klan

Black codes


Buffalo soldiers

The Civil Rights Act of 1866

Civil Rights Acts of 1866-1875

Memphis and New Orleans Race Riots of 1866

Pulaski Race Riot of 1867

Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

Fourteenth Amendment Is Ratified

Ku Klux Klan Acts

Fifteenth Amendment

Grandfather Clauses

Colfax Massacre

Slaughterhouse Cases

Clinton Massacre

United States v. Cruikshank

United States v. Reese

Hamburg Massacre of 1876

Charleston race riots

Compromise of 1877

Strauder v. West Virginia

Civil Rights Cases

African-American Holiness Pentecostal Movement

Louisville, New Orleans, and Texas Railway Company v. Mississippi

Mississippi Disenfranchisement Laws

Volume 2

Colored Women’s League

Ida B. Wells-Barnett publishes Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in all its Phases

Atlanta Compromise

Plessy v. Ferguson

Separate but equal doctrine is created

National Association of Colored Women

Williams v. Mississippi

Wilmington Race Riot of 1898

Joplin Popularizes Ragtime Music and Dance

Cumming v. Richmond County Board of Education

Race riots of the twentieth century

Talented Tenth

Founding of the Niagara Movement

Black Sororities and Fraternities

Brownsville incident

Atlanta Race Riots of 1906

First Black Heavyweight Boxing Champion

Springfield Race Riot of 1908

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Is Founded

Tennesee adopts the one-drop rule

Handy Ushers in the Commercial Blues Era

Great Migration

National Urban League

Griffith Releases The Birth Of A Nation

Buchanan v. Warley

Wentworth Arthur Matthew founds the Commandment Keepers Ethiopian Hebrew Congregation

Garvey and Du Bois Conflict

American Civil Liberties Union Is Founded

Harlem Renaissance

Newberry v. United States

The Dyer Anti-lynching Bill

Perry Race Riot of 1922

Rosewood Massacre

Bessie Smith Records “Downhearted Blues”

Moore v. Dempsey

Oklahoma Imposes Martial Law in Response to KKK Violence

American Negro Labor Congress

Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

Armstrong Records with the Hot Five

Baker Dances in La Revue Nègre

White primaries

Nixon v. Herndon

Ellington Begins Performing at the Cotton Club

Hallelujah Is the First Important Black Musical Film

Nation of Islam Is Founded

Scottsboro Trials

Tuskegee experiment

Nixon v. Condon

Powell v. Alabama

Billie Holiday Begins Her Recording Career

Josephine Baker, the First Black Movie Star, ZouZou

Black cabinet

Grovey v. Townsend

Norris v. Alabama

National Council of Negro Women

Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada

Anderson’s Lincoln Memorial concert

Wright’s Native Son Depicts Racism in America

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Legal Defense and Educational Fund

Black flight

United States v. Classic

Defense industry desegregation

Fair Employment Practices Committee

World War II

Tuskegee Airmen

Congress of Racial Equality Forms

Chicago sit-ins

Race Riots Erupt in Detroit and Harlem

Stormy Weather Offers New Film Roles to African Americans

Smith v. Allwright

United Negro College Fund

Parker’s Playing Epitomizes Bebop

Mahalia Jackson Begins Her Recording Career

President’s Committee on Civil Rights

Baseball’s racial integration

Journey of Reconciliation

Military desegregation

Miles Davis Develops 1950’s Cool Jazz

Ralph Bunche Receives Nobel Prize

Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man is Published

Terry v. Adams

Brown v. Board of Education

Kenneth Clark’s Doll Study Cited by Supreme Court in Brown V. Board of Education

Bolling v. Sharpe

White Citizens’ Councils

First Newport Jazz Festival Is Held

Poitier Emerges as a Film Star in The Blackboard Jungle

Berry’s “Maybellene” Popularizes Rock and Roll

Till Lynching

Civil Rights movement

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Southern Manifesto

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

Civil Rights Act of 1957

Little Rock school desegregation crisis

United States Commission on Civil Rights

Ailey Founds His Dance Company

Summit Meeting of National Negro Leaders

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People v. Alabama

Cooper v. Aaron

Gordy Founds Motown Records

Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun Debuts on Broadway

Church bombings

Lassiter v. Northampton County Board of Elections

Greensboro Sit-ins

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

Civil Rights Act of 1960

Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird Calls for Social Justice

Wilma Rudolph Becomes the Fastest Woman in the World

Gomillion v. Lightfoot

Vietnam War

Albany Movement

Burton v. Wilmington Parking Authority

Council of Federated Organizations

Meredith Registers at the University of Mississippi

Washington, D.C., riots

Baldwin Voices Black Rage in The Fire Next Time

Edwards v. South Carolina

Birmingham March

African Liberation Day

Organization of African Unity Is Founded

King Delivers His “I Have a Dream” Speech

United Nations Condemns Racial Discrimination

Twenty-fourth Amendment

Poll Taxes Are Outlawed

Clay Defeats Liston to Gain World Heavyweight Boxing Title

Dutchman Dramatizes Racial Hatred

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party

Freedom Summer

Three Civil Rights Workers Are Murdered

Congress Passes the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Katzenbach v. McClung

King Wins the Nobel Peace Prize

Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States

Black Is Beautiful movement

Assassination of Malcolm X

Selma-Montgomery March

Head Start Is Established to Aid Poor Children

Congress Passes the Voting Rights Act

Watts Riot

I Spy Debuts to Controversy

Affirmative Action Is Expanded

Black Christian Nationalist Movement

The Autobiography of Malcolm X Is Published

Volume 3

Kwanzaa Celebration

Brown Introduces Funk Music

Brooke Becomes the First African American U.S. Senator Since Reconstruction

Hendrix Releases Acid Rock Album Are You Experienced?

Reitman v. Mulkey

Loving v. Virginia

National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders

Race Rioting Erupts in Detroit

Newark riot

Chicago race riots of 1967

Marshall Becomes the First African American Supreme Court Justice

Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.

Civil Rights Act of 1968

First steps toward limits on restrictive covenants

Orangeburg massacre

Kerner Commission Explores the Causes of Civil Disorders

Fair Housing Act Outlaws Discrimination in Housing

Poor People’s March on Washington

Green v. County School Board of New Kent County

Supreme Court Upholds Ban on Housing Discrimination

Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Company

York Race Riot of 1969

Chicago Riots Mar the Democratic National Convention

Carroll Becomes the First African American Woman to Star as a Non-domestic on Television

Shirley Chisholm Becomes First African American Woman to Serve in Congress

Republic of New Africa

“Black Manifesto”

Russell Retires as the Celtics Take an Eleventh NBA Title

League of Revolutionary Black Workers

Davis Introduces Jazz-Rock Fusion

Hampton-Clark deaths

Mitchell and Shook Found the Dance Theatre of Harlem

Black United Students is Formed

Congressional Black Caucus

Bloods and Crips Gangs

Evans v. Abney

National Black Women’s Political Leadership Caucus

All in the Family Confronts Controversial Issues

Griggs v. Duke Power Company

US Supreme Court Endorses Busing to End School Segregation

Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenberg Board of Education

Griffin v. Breckenridge

Palmer v. Thompson

Civil Rights Groups Investigate the FBI and CIA

Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972

Moose Lodge v. Irvis

Keyes v. Denver School District No. 1

Wonder Releases Innervisions

Bakke case

Combahee River Collective

Aaron Breaks Ruth’s Home Run Record

Milliken v. Bradley

Ali and Foreman Rumble in the Jungle

Albemarle Paper Company v. Moody

Marley’s Natty Dread Establishes Reggae’s Popularity

The Jeffersons Signals Success of Black Situation Comedies

Southern Schools Are Found to Be the Least Racially Segregated

U.S. Congress Bans Literacy Tests for Voting

Voting Rights Act of 1975

U.S. Congress Prohibits Discrimination in the Granting of Credit

Shange’s for colored girls … Presents the Black Female Psyche

Washington v. Davis

Runyon v. McCrary

Roots Dramatizes the African American Experience

United Steelworkers of America v. Weber

Innovative Black Filmmakers Achieve Success

Mobile v. Bolden

Rioters Protest Miami Police Brutality

Fullilove v. Klutznick

Thriller Marks Jackson’s Musical Coming-of-Age

Rainbow Coalition

Jackson’s run for the presidency

MOVE Bombing

The Cosby Show Makes Television History

U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Goals, Not Quotas, to Remedy Discrimination

Batson v. Kentucky

Rap Goes Platinum With Run-D.M.C.’s Raising Hell

National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America


Civil Rights Restoration Act

Do The Right Thing Establishes Lee as a World-Class Director

Wilder Becomes the First Elected Black Governor

Hawkins murder

Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Company

Bush Nominates Second African American to the Supreme Court

Crown Heights conflicts

Harlins murder

Powers v. Ohio

Thomas-Hill hearings

U.S. Congress Strengthens Equal Opportunity Laws

King beating case

Los Angeles Riots

R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul

Wisconsin v. Mitchell

Shaw v. Reno

Adarand Constructors v. Peña

O. J. Simpson Trial

Farrakhan Leads the Million Man March

Shaw v. Hunt

Tiger Woods Becomes World’s Top-Rated Golfer

Million Woman March

Farmer v. Ramsay

Williams Sisters Meet in Historic Tennis Final

Colin Powell named sixty-fifth secretary of state

African American’s DNA Testing

Gratz v. Bollinger

Grutter v. Bollinger

Barack Obama

Black Church and the LGBT Community

Henry Louis Gates, Jr. hosts first episode of Finding Your Roots

Black Lives Matter

Moynihan Report Revisited

The National Great Blacks in Wax Museum

Unarmed Black Killings by Whites in the Twenty-First Century

Sample List of Unarmed Blacks Killed by Whites Civilians and


Notable Figures in African American History

List of Contributors

Time Line of African American History