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American Book of Days

Table of Contents

Preface



A Note on Movable Feasts



January



January 1



New Year's Day



The Emancipation Proclamation



First National Flag



Barry Goldwater's Birthday



J. Edgar Hoover's Birthday



College Football Bowl Games



Tournament of Roses



Paul Revere's Birthday



January 2



Georgia Ratifies the Constitution



Speed Limit of 55 Miles an Hour Is Imposed



Senator John F. Kennedy Announces His Candidacy for the 1960 Democratic Presidential Nomination



January 3



Alaska Admitted to the Union



Battle of Princeton



Lucretia C. Mott's Birthday



Congress Meets



Joseph Rauh's Birthday



January 4



Feast of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton



Utah Admitted to the Union



Don Shula's Birthday



January 5



Twelfth Night, or Epiphany Eve



Feast of St. John Neumann, the First American Male Saint



Henry Ford Institutes the $5.00 a Day Minimum Wage



Walter Mondale's Birthday



Stephen Decatur's Birthday



January 6



Sam Rayburn's Birthday



Carl Sandburg's Birthday



The Feast of the Epiphany



New Mexico Admitted to the Union



The “Four Freedoms” Enunciated



Charles Sumner's Birthday



John DeLorean's Birthday



January 7



Millard Fillmore's Birthday



Panama Canal Traversed



Russian Orthodox Christmas



First Transatlantic Telephone Service



First Commercial Bank Established in the United States



January 8



Eleventh Amendment Declared Ratified



Battle of New Orleans



Elvis Presley's Birthday



AT&T Agrees to Split Up Its Telephone Monopoly



No Child Left Behind Act Signed Into Law



January 9



First Successful Balloon Flight in the United States



Connecticut Ratifies the Constitution



Richard M. Nixon's Birthday



Joan Baez's Birthday



Carrie Catt's Birthday



George Balanchine's Birthday



January 10



League of Nations Established



Publication of Common Sense by Thomas Paine



The United States Establishes Diplomatic Relations with the Vatican



January 11



Alexander Hamilton's Birthday



Surgeon General Issues First Report on the Dangers of Smoking



Alice Paul's Birthday



First Detainees Taken to Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp



January 12



John Hancock's Birthday



John Winthrop's Birthday



Jeff Bezos's Birthday



January 13



Salmon P. Chase's Birthday



Horatio Alger's Birthday



Stephen Foster Memorial Day



January 14



Benedict Arnold's Birthday



Ratification of the Treaty of Paris



January 15



Edward Teller's Birthday



Vermont Declares Independence from the British



January 16



Operation Desert Storm Begins



Eighteenth Amendment Ratified



January 17



Benjamin Franklin's Birthday



Feast of St. Anthony the Great



Michelle Obama's Birthday



Muhammad Ali's Birthday



January 18



Daniel Webster's Birthday



January 19



Robert E. Lee's Birthday



Edgar Allan Poe's Birthday



Isaiah Thomas's Birthday



January 20



Martin Luther King Day



Inauguration Day



Leon Ames's Birthday



January 21



Stonewall Jackson's Birthday



John Breckinridge's Birthday



Wolfman Jack's Birthday



Feast of St. Agnes



Jack Nicklaus's Birthday



January 22



The Supreme Court Holds That Abortion Is a Constitutional Right



Frederick Moore Vinson's Birthday



Kmart Corp. Becomes Largest Retailer in U.S. History to File for Bankruptcy



January 23



Twenty-Fourth Amendment Ratified



Elizabeth Blackwell, First Woman in the United States to Receive a Medical Degree



Kenneth L. Lay Resigns From Enron During Accounting Scandal



U.S. Forces Overturns 1994 Ban on Women Serving in Combat



January 24



California Gold Rush



Edith Wharton's Birthday



January 25



Robert Burns's Birthday



Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul



Florence Mills's Birthday



January 26



Douglas MacArthur's Birthday



Michigan Admitted to the Union



Angela Davis's Birthday



Paul Newman's Birthday



Condolezza Rice is Sworn in as First Female, African American Secretary of State



January 27



Samuel Gompers's Birthday



Hyman G. Rickover's Birthday



January 28



Space Shuttle Challenger Explodes



The United States Withdraws from Cuba



January 29



Kansas Admitted to the Union



William McKinley's Birthday



Thomas Paine's Birthday



Clinton Administration Announces New Policy Concerning Gays in the Military



Oprah Winfrey's Birthday



President George W. Bush's First State of the Union Address to Fight the “Evil Axis”



January 30



Franklin D. Roosevelt's Birthday



Gene Hackman's Birthday



January 31



Jackie Robinson's Birthday



Norman Mailer's Birthday



James G. Blaine's Birthday



February



February 1



John Ford's Birthday



Clark Gable's Birthday



Victor Herbert's Birthday



American Lutheran Church Merger Completed



Columbia Spacecraft Disaster



“Battle Hymn of the Republic”



February 2



Groundhog Day



Dartmouth College Case Decided



Candlemas, or The Feast of the Presentation of the Lord



Wystan Hugh Auden's Birthday



Bell South Leaves the Payphone Business Because of Competition From Cell Phones



February 3



Illinois Becomes a Territory



Gertrude Stein's Birthday



Buddy Holly Killed in Plane Crash



February 4



Betty Friedan's Birthday



Impeachment Trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase Begins



Mark Hopkins's Birthday



February 5



Roger Williams Arrives in America



Adlai Stevenson's Birthday



Dwight L. Moody's Birthday



Charro Days Fiesta



February 6



Ronald Reagan's Birthday



Aaron Burr's Birthday



Massachusetts Ratifies the Constitution



France Recognizes the United States



Twentieth Amendment Ratified



Chinese New Year



February 7



John Deere's Birthday



The Beatles Arrive in the United States



The Baltimore Fire



February 8



James Dean's Birthday



Boy Scouts of America Founded



February 9



William Henry Harrison's Birthday



Gasparilla Festival



February 10



Mardi Gras, or Shrove Tuesday



Twenty-fifth Amendment Ratified



First Medal of Honor in World War II



Treaty of Paris Becomes Effective



February 11



Ash Wednesday



Thomas Alva Edison's Birthday



Melville W. Fuller's Birthday



Nelson Mandela Released After Years of U.S. Pressure



February 12



Abraham Lincoln's Birthday



Senate Acts to Preserve Political Balance



Founding of the Georgia Colony



February 13



International Slave Trade Outlawed



Anchorage Fur Rendezvous



First Fugitive Slave Law



First American Magazine



February 14



St. Valentine's Day



Frederick Douglass's Birthday



Arizona Admitted to the Union



Oregon Admitted to the Union



February 15



Susan B. Anthony's Birthday



Battleship Maine Memorial Day



Cyrus McCormick's Birthday



Russell H. Conwell's Birthday



Elihu Root's Birthday



February 16



Cushing Eells's Birthday



Kyoto Treaty Enters Into Force



February 17



Thomas J. Watson, Sr.'s Birthday



Presidents' Day



Michael Jordan's Birthday



February 18



Helen Gurley Brown's Birthday



Jefferson Davis Inaugurated



February 19



Franklin D. Roosevelt Orders Japanese American Internment



Supreme Court Declares Initiatives and Referendums Valid



February 20



John Glenn Orbits the Earth



Joseph Jefferson's Birthday



February 21



President Nixon Goes to China



Washington Monument Dedicated



February 22



George Washington's Birthday



James Russell Lowell's Birthday



Adams-Onis Florida Purchase Treaty Signed



February 23



The Lend-Lease Agreement



Emma Willard's Birthday



The Battle of Buena Vista



February 24



Supreme Court Decides Marbury v. Madison, Establishing the Doctrine of Judicial Review



Chester Nimitz's Birthday



Arizona Territory Established



February 25



Sixteenth Amendment Ratified



National Bank Act



February 26



Grand Canyon National Park Established



Buffalo Bill's Birthday



February 27



Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Birthday



Twenty-second Amendment Ratified



State Department Blames Vietnam War on Communist Aggression



February 28



Explosion of the “Peacemaker”



Linus Pauling's Birthday



R. J. Reynolds Abandons “Smokeless” Cigarette Project



February 29



Leap Year



Ann Lee's Birthday



March



March 1



Nebraska Admitted to the Union



Ohio Admitted to the Union



St. David's Day



Texas Annexed by the United States



March 2



Texas Independence Day



Sam Houston's Birthday



Pioneer 10 Launched; First Probe to Leave the Solar System



March 3



Free Speech Is Limited by “Clear and Present Danger”



Alexander Graham Bell's Birthday



Florida Admitted to the Union



March 4



Vermont Admitted to the Union



Casimir Pulaski's Birthday



First Meeting of the First Congress



March 5



The Boston Massacre



Winston Churchill Makes His “Iron Curtain” Speech in the US



March 6



The Fall of the Alamo



Marion Barry's Birthday



President Obama Announces Sanctions Against Russia Over Ukraine



March 7



Salvador Dali Museum Opens in St. Petersburg, Florida



Luther Burbank's Birthday



March 8



Simon Cameron's Birthday



Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.'s Birthday



Battle of Pea Ridge



March 9



Supreme Court Expands Freedom of the Press



Edwin Forrest's Birthday



March 10



Death of Harriet Tubman



Albany Becomes the Capital of New York



March 11



Worldwide Influenza Epidemic Strikes the United States



The Blizzard of 1888



Internet Bubble Bursts



March 12



Girl Scouts Founded



President Truman Announces the “Truman Doctrine”



Mitt Romney's Birthday



March 13



L. Ron Hubbard's Birthday



Discovery of Pluto Announced



March 14



Albert Einstein's Birthday



Eli Whitney Patents the Cotton Gin



Union Forces take New Berne, North Carolina



March 15



Andrew Jackson's Birthday



Maine Admitted to the Union



Ruth Bader Ginsburg's Birthday



March 16



James Madison's Birthday



United States Military Academy Founded



My Lai Massacre



March 17



St. Patrick's Day



British Troops Evacuate Boston



Roger Brooke Taney's Birthday



US Government Intervenesin Economy to Halt Financial Crisis



March 18



John C. Calhoun's Birthday



Grover Cleveland's Birthday



The Supreme Court Expands the Right to Counsel



March 19



William Jennings Bryan's Birthday



Earl Warren's Birthday



Bruce Willis's Birthday



US and Britain Launch War on Iraq



March 20



Burrhus F. Skinner's Birthday



Neal Dow's Birthday



March 21



Spring Begins



Earth Day



March 22



The First Native American Treaty



Palm Sunday



Purim (Feast of Lots)



Stamp Act Signed



March 23



Wernher Von Braun's Birthday



Patrick Henry's Speech for Liberty



Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Signed Into Law



March 24



NATO Intervenes in Kosovo



John Wesley Powell's Birthday



Peyton Manning's Birthday



March 25



Gloria Steinem's Birthday



Greek Independence Day



First Colonists Arrive in Maryland



The Feast of the Annunciation



March 26



Robert Frost's Birthday



Sandra Day O'Connor's Birthday



Holy or Maundy Thursday



Prince Kuhio Day in Hawaii



March 27



1964 Alaska Earthquake



Good Friday



March 28



Nuclear Accident at Three Mile Island



Holy Saturday



March 29



Easter



John Tyler's Birthday



First Colonists In Delaware



Twenty-third Amendment Ratified



March 30



Easter Monday



Seward's Day in Alaska



Fifteenth Amendment Ratified



March 31



Virgin Islands Transfer Day



Al Gore's Birthday



April



April 1



April Fools' Day



First Speaker of the House is Chosen



April 2



United States Mint Established



President Wilson Urges Congress to Approve the U.S. Entry into World War I



April 3



Washington Irving's Birthday



The XYZ Affair



April 4



Martin Luther King, Jr., Assassinated



Puyallup Valley Daffodil Festival



Flag Act of 1818



Maya Angelou's Birthday



April 5



Booker T. Washington's Birthday



Elihu Yale's Birthday



First Presidential Veto Cast



Bette Davis's Birthday



April 6



The United States Enters World War I



Mormon Church Formally Organized



North Pole Discovered



April 7



National Cherry Blossom Festival



The Alabama Claims



April 8



Ponce de León Claims Florida for Spain



John Randolph and Henry Clay Fight a Duel



Death of Kurt Cobain



April 9



Hugh Hefner's Birthday



Lee Surrenders at Appomattox



La Salle Reaches the Mouth of the Mississippi River



April 10



Salvation Army Founder's Day



April 11



Charles Evans Hughes's Birthday



Congress Proclaims Cessation of American Revolution Hostilities



Civil Rights Act of 1968



April 12



The Civil War Begins



Henry Clay's Birthday



Halifax Independence Day



ABT-450, a New Regimen for Treating Hepatitis C Virus



April 13



Thomas Jefferson's Birthday



Jefferson Memorial Dedicated



Fifth Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Working Group III, Report Released



April 14



Abraham Lincoln Assassinated



Pan American Day



April 15



Federal Income Tax Deadline



Thomas H. Gallaudet Starts the First School for the Deaf



Bombs Explode at the Boston Marathon



April 16



Washington Departs for His Inauguration



Virginia Tech Massacre with 33 Fatalities Renews Gun Control Debate



April 17



J. P. Morgan's Birthday



The Bay of Pigs Invasion



April 18



Clarence Darrow's Birthday



The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fires



World War II: Lieutenant Colonel James “Jimmy” Doolittle's Bombing Raid on Japan



April 19



Battles of Lexington and Concord (“Patriots' Day”)



Attack on the Branch Davidian Compound in Waco, Texas



Bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City



General Douglas MacArthur's “Old Soldiers Never Die” Address



April 20



Death of Pontiac, Ottawa Chieftain



Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill



The Hague Peace Palace



April 21



Passover (Pesach)



Texas Wins Independence From Mexico



Spanish-American War Begins



John Muir's Birthday



April 22



President George Washington Issues Neutrality Proclamation



Oklahoma Land Rush Begins



Arbor Day



Earth Day



April 23



James Buchanan's Birthday



St. George's Day



William Shakespeare's Birthday



United Methodist Church Formed



Opposition to the Vietnam War Intensifies



April 24



Library of Congress Created



Hubble Space Telescope Deployed



April 25



Edward R. Murrow's Birthday



Feast of St. Mark



April 26



John James Audubon's Birthday



Confederate Memorial Day



Frederick Law Olmsted's Birthday



Cape Henry Day



April 27



Ulysses S. Grant's Birthday



“Fast Day” in New Hampshire



April 28



James Monroe's Birthday



Maryland Ratifies the Constitution



Washington State Apple Blossom Festival



Abu Ghraib Prison Abuse Is Revealed



Elena Kagan's Birthday



April 29



Oliver Ellsworth's Birthday



Andre Agassi's Birthday



April 30



Fall of Saigon



Louisiana Admitted to the Union



Congress Establishes the United States Navy



Shenandoah Apple Blossom Festival



Walpurgis Night or Spring Festival



May



May 1



May Day



Labor Observances



Spanish-American War: Battle of Manila Bay



Loyalty Day



Law Day



Lei Day in Hawaii



Death of Osama bin Laden



May 2



Kentucky Derby



May 3



First Medical School in the United States



Rural Life Sunday (also known as Soil Stewardship Sunday)



May 4



Horace Mann's Birthday



Rhode Island Independence Day



Last Major German Contingents Surrender



May 5



Battle of the Wilderness



Cinco de Mayo



May 6



The Hindenburg Disaster at Lakehurst, New Jersey



Congress Passes First Legislation



Civil Rights Act of 1960



George Clooney's Birthday



May 7



Twenty-Seventh Amendment Ratified



Sinking of the Lusitania



Ascension Day



May 8



Victory in Europe (V-E) Day



Harry S. Truman's Birthday



May 9



John Brown's Birthday



May 10



Mother's Day



The First Transcontinental Railroad



The Methodist Church Merger Becomes Effective



Fort Ticonderoga Falls



May 11



Minnesota Admitted to the Union



Colonies of Connecticut and New Haven Unite



May 12



Florence Nightingale's Birthday



May 13



Jamestown Colony Founded



Mexican War Begins



Tulip Time Festival



May 14



United States Recognizes Israel



Antioch College Chartered



Congress Attempts to Protect Native American Territories



Lewis and Clark Depart on Their Expedition



George Lucas's Birthday



Mark Zuckerberg's Birthday



May 15



Destruction of the Warsaw Jewish Ghetto



Continental Congress Resolves to Put Colonies in State of Defense



Human Stem Cells Are Succesfully Cloned



May 16



Official Apology Issued for Tuskegee Experiments



Armed Forces Day



May 17



Supreme Court Orders School Desegregation



Pentecost



Norwegian Constitution Day



May 18



The Supreme Court Approves Segregation



Rhode Island Colony Acts to Prohibit Perpetual Slavery



May 19



Malcolm X's Birthday



William Bradford's Death



The New England Colonies Form the New England Confederation



May 20



Dolley Madison's Birthday



Mecklenburg Independence Day



May 21



Lindbergh Lands in Paris



May 22



National Maritime Day



President Lyndon Johnson Promotes the “Great Society”



May 23



South Carolina Ratifies the Constitution



Captain Kidd Hanged



May 24



Bob Dylan's Birthday



Samuel F. B. Morse Opens the First U.S. Telegraph Line



Russia and the United States Sign the Moscow Treaty



May 25



Ralph Waldo Emerson's Birthday



Indianapolis 500



Constitutional Convention Opens



May 26



Montana Becomes a Territory



May 27



Cornelius Vanderbilt's Birthday



Rachel Carson's Birthday



Hubert Humphrey's Birthday



Feast of St. Augustine of Canterbury



May 28



Louis Agassiz's Birthday



United Presbyterian Church Formed



May 29



John F. Kennedy's Birthday



Wisconsin Admitted to the Union



Rhode Island Ratifies the Constitution



Patrick Henry's Birthday



May 30



Memorial Day



May 31



Seventeenth Amendment Proclaimed Ratified



Walt Whitman's Birthday



Hillary Rodham Clinton's Graduation Address from Wellesley College



June



June 1



Kentucky Admitted to the Union



Tennessee Admitted to the Union



Jacques Marquette's Birthday



Morgan Freeman's Birthday



June 2



John Randolph's Birthday



June 3



Jefferson Davis's Birthday



June 4



Jack Jouett's Ride



Angelina Jolie's Birthday



Churchill Addresses the British after Dunkirk



June 5



Gold Clause Repealed



Portland Rose Festival



June 6



D-Day



Confederate Memorial Day in Winchester, Virginia



YMCA Founded



June 7



Daniel Boone Reaches Kentucky



Liberty Bell Hung in Independence Hall



June 8



Frank Lloyd Wright's Birthday



Tim Berners-Lee's Birthday



June 9



Siege of Petersburg, Virginia



June 10



Founding of Alcoholics Anonymous



Shavuot (Jewish Feast of Weeks)



June 11



President Kennedy Addresses the Nation on Civil Rights



King Kamehameha Day in Hawaii



June 12



George H. W. Bush's Birthday



Philippine Independence Day



June 13



Supreme Court Expands Right Against Self-Incrimination in Miranda v. Arizona



Feast of St. Anthony of Padua



June 14



Flag Day



Harriet Beecher Stowe's Birthday



The Continental Congress Establishes the Continental Army



June 15



Arkansas Admitted to the Union



Oregon Treaty Ratified



June 16



Phil Mickelson's Birthday



Franklin D. Roosevelt's Hundred Days



June 17



Newt Gingrich's Birthday



Battle of Bunker Hill



The Supreme Court Expands Fair Housing Rights



June 18



Susan B. Anthony Fined for Voting



War of 1812 Begins



June 19



French and Indian War: The Albany Congress Convenes



June 20



West Virginia Admitted to the Union



First Thanksgiving Day Proclamation



June 21



Summer Begins



The Constitution Ratified



New Hampshire Ratifies the Constitution



Father's Day



June 22



HMS Leopard Fires on the USS Chesapeake



June 23



Midsummer Eve



Unto These Hills Cherokee Historical Drama



June 24



Midsummer Day



Henry Ward Beecher's Birthday



Berlin Airlift of 1948 Begins



Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist



June 25



Custer's Last Stand



Korean War Begins



Virginia Ratifies the Constitution



United Church of Christ Formed



Michael Jackson's Death



Sonya Sotomayor's Birthday



June 26



President Kennedy Speaks in West Berlin



Supreme Court Declares the Defense of Marriage Act Unconstitutional



American Troops Land in France



June 27



H. Ross Perot's Birthday



Helen Keller's Birthday



Pennsylvania Dutch Folk Festival



National “Do Not Call” Registry Enrolls 750,000 On Its First Day



June 28



Archduke Francis Ferdinand Assassinated



Treaty of Versailles Signed



Lutheran Church in America Organized



Elon Musk's Birthday



June 29



Atlantis-Mir Docking



Official Report on the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Atomic Bombings Issued



Feast of Saints Peter and Paul



June 30



The “Pentagon Papers” Case is Decided



Twenty-sixth Amendment Ratified



July



July 1



Battle of Gettysburg Begins



The Bretton Woods Conference Begins



July 2



Thurgood Marshall's Birthday



President James A. Garfield Shot



Civil Rights Act of 1964



Hussey's Reaper First Exhibited



July 3



Idaho Admitted to the Union



Death of Jim Morrison



John Singleton Copley's Birthday



July 4



Independence Day



Calvin Coolidge's Birthday



Nathaniel Hawthorne's Birthday



July 5



Admiral Farragut's Birthday



P. T. Barnum's Birthday



July 6



John Paul Jones's Birthday



Republican Party Founded



George W. Bush's Birthday



July 7



California Proclaimed Part of the United States



Group of 8 Sets Goal to Reduce Greenhouse Emissions by Half by 2050



July 8



John D. Rockefeller Sr.'s Birthday



American Revolution: Olive Branch Petition



Atlantis Launched in Last Space Shuttle Flight



July 9



French and Indian War: Braddock's Defeat at the Battle of the Monongahela



O.J. Simpson's Birthday



Tom Hanks's Birthday



July 10



Scopes “Monkey Trial” Begins



Allied Troops Land in Sicily



James Abbott McNeill Whistler's Birthday



Wyoming Admitted to the Union



July 11



John Quincy Adams's Birthday



The Chester Gillette Murder



July 12



George Washington Carver's Birthday



Henry David Thoreau's Birthday



July 13



Northwest Ordinance Enacted



Patrick Stewart's Birthday



July 14



Gerald R. Ford's Birthday



July 15



Birthday of the First American Saint, Mother Frances Cabrini



First United States-Soviet Joint Space Mission



July 16



Birthday of Mary Baker Eddy, Founder of the Christian Science Church



The Starting Date of the Islamic Calendar



July 17



John Jacob Astor's Birthday



Florida Ceded to the United States



Columbia University Opens



July 18



John Rutledge's Death



The Presidential Succession Act of 1947



Detroit Files for Bankruptcy, the Largest Municipal Bankruptcy Filing in U.S. History



July 19



First Women's Rights Convention: Seneca Falls, New York



George McGovern's Birthday



Worldcom Files for Bankruptcy



July 20



First Manned Landing on the Moon



The American Space Program Since the First Moon Landing



July 21



Ernest Hemingway's Birthday



July 22



Robert Dole's Birthday



July 23



James Cardinal Gibbons's Birthday



July 24



Mormon Pioneer Day in Utah



Pioneer Day in other Western States



July 25



Puerto Rican Constitution Day



Thomas Eakins's Birthday



July 26



New York Ratifies the Constitution



Sandra Bullock's Birthday



July 27



First Permanent Transatlantic Cable Completed



July 28



Fourteenth Amendment Proclaimed Ratified



“Bonus Army” Evicted From Washington, D.C.



July 29



Pony Penning on Chincoteague Island



Alexis de Tocqueville's Birthday



Elizabeth Dole's Birthday



July 30



Henry Ford's Birthday



Arnold Schwarzenegger's Birthday



July 31



Milton Friedman's Birthday



J. K. Rowling's Birthday



August



August 1



Colorado Admitted to the Union



Herman Melville's Birthday



Francis Scott Key's Birthday



John Alden Day



August 2



James Baldwin's Birthday



August 3



Columbus Departs For The New World



The USS Nautilus Cruises Under The North Pole



Martha Stewart's Birthday



August 4



John Peter Zenger Acquitted



President Barack Obama's Birthday



August 5



John Eliot Baptized



Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Signed



August 6



United States Uses Atomic Bombs Against Japan



Voting Rights Act of 1965



First Evidence of Extraterrestrial Life Announced



August 7



Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Approved



George Washington Issues Whiskey Rebellion Proclamation



August 8



Charles A. Dana's Birthday



The Wilmot Proviso of 1846



WHO Categorizes West African Ebola Outbreak as International Concern



August 9



Free-Soil Party Organized



Webster-Ashburton Treaty Signed



August 10



Herbert Hoover's Birthday



Missouri Admitted to the Union



August 11



Alex Haley's Birthday



Tishah B'Av



August 12



Hawaii Annexed to the United States



Cecil B. DeMille's Birthday



Whitey Bulger found Guilty on 31 of 32 Counts, was Involved in 11 Murders



August 13



Lucy Stone's Birthday



Annie Oakley's Birthday



Janet Yellen's Birthday



August 14



Victory over Japan (V-J) Day



The Atlantic Charter



August 15



Woodstock Begins



August 16



American Revolution: Battle of Bennington



Madonna's Birthday



August 17



Davy Crockett's Birthday



Fulton's Steamboat Sails



Marcus Garvey's Birthday



August 18



First United States Government Maritime Expedition Sets Sail



Marshall Field's Birthday



Timothy Geithner's Birthday



August 19



William Jefferson Clinton's Birthday



The USS Constitution Engages the British



National Aviation Day



Operation Iraqi Freedom Ends



August 20



Benjamin Harrison's Birthday



First Viking Probe Is Launched Towards Mars



August 21



Hawaii Admitted to the Union



American Bar Association Formed



August 22



First America's Cup Race



Mormon Tabernacle Choir Gives First Performance



August 23



Oliver Hazard Perry's Birthday



Great Britain Issues The Proclamation of Rebellion



August 24



The British Burn Washington, D.C.



Feast of St. Bartholomew



August 25



George C. Wallace's Birthday



August 26



Nineteenth Amendment Proclaimed Ratified



France Adopts the Declaration of the Rights of Man



Women's Equality Day



August 27



Lyndon B. Johnson's Birthday



Kellogg-Briand Pact “To Outlaw War” Signed



August 28



Commercial Radio Broadcasting Begins



Feast of St. Augustine



August 29



Oliver Wendell Holmes's Birthday



The Articles of Confederation of the United Colonies of New England



Hurricane Katrina



John McCain's Birthday



August 30



Huey P. Long's Birthday



Gabriel Prosser's Slave Revolt



Warren Buffet's Birthday



August 31



James Coburn's Birthday



The Charleston Earthquake



President Barack Obama Announces the End of Operation Iraqi Freedom



September



September 1



World War II Begins



Walter Reuther's Birthday



Operation New Dawn Begins



September 2



Andrew Grove's Birthday



Japan Surrenders



September 3



Henry Hudson Enters New York Harbor



Britain and France Declare War on Germany



September 4



Founding of Los Angeles



The Santa Fe Fiesta



September 5



The First Continental Congress Convenes



September 6



President William McKinley Assassinated



Lafayette's Birthday



Jane Addams's Birthday



September 7



Labor Day



The Miss America Pageant



September 8



The Galveston Hurricane of 1900



Founding of St. Augustine, Florida, the Nation's Oldest City



First Broadcast of Star Trek



September 9



California Admitted to the Union



Civil Rights Act of 1957



September 10



John Smith Assumes Jamestown Council Presidency



Beginning of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)



September 11



Battle of Brandywine



The Navajo Nation Fair



Terrorist Attack on the World Trade Center and Pentagon



September 12



Battle of North Point, Maryland



Jesse Owens's Birthday



September 13



Death of John Barry



John J. Pershing's Birthday



Hurricane Ike Makes Landfall



September 14



American Forces Capture Mexico City



Margaret Sanger's Birthday



September 15



James Fenimore Cooper's Birthday



William Howard Taft's Birthday



Collapse of Lehman Brothers



September 16



Cherokee Land Rush in Oklahoma, 1893



September 17



Warren E. Burger's Birthday



American Revolution: Baron von Steuben's Birthday



Citizenship Day



September 18



Cornerstone of the Capitol Laid



The Air Force Becomes an Equal Branch of the Military



Lance Armstrong's Birthday



September 19



George Washington's Farewell Address



First Battle of Saratoga



September 20



Panic of 1873



Upton Sinclair's Birthday



U.S.'s Military's “Don't Ask, Don't Tell” Policy Ends



September 21



Autumn Begins



Delaware Organized as a State



September 22



Nathan Hale Hanged



Peace Corps Created



September 23



Lewis and Clark Expedition Completed



Victoria C. Woodhull's Birthday



September 24



John Marshall's Birthday



F. Scott Fitzgerald's Birthday



September 25



Balboa Discovers the Pacific Ocean



Twelfth Amendment Proclaimed Ratified



Oracle Team USA Defeats New Zealand, Winning America's Cup



September 26



John “Johnny Appleseed” Chapman's Birthday



George Gershwin's Birthday



September 27



Warren Commission Report Released



Samuel Adams's Birthday



September 28



Frances E. Willard's Birthday



Cabrillo Day in California



September 29



Tokyo Rose is Convicted of Treason



September 30



Feast of St. Jerome



Truman Capote's Birthday



October



October 1



Jimmy Carter's Birthday



William Rehnquist's Birthday



Rosh Hashanah



Treaty of San Ildefonso



October 2



Major John André Hanged as a Spy



First Pan American Conference Convenes



Sting's Birthday



October 3



George Bancroft's Birthday



Bank Bailout Bill Passed



October 4



Rutherford B. Hayes's Birthday



Soviets Launch Sputnik I



October 5



Chester A. Arthur's Birthday



Tecumseh's Death



Robert Goddard's Birthday



Steve Jobs's Death



October 6



British Capture the Forts Clinton and Montgomery



Beginning of the Stock Market Crash and Housing/Banking Crisis of 2008



October 7



James Whitcomb Riley's Birthday



Elijah Muhammad's Birthday



Second Battle of Saratoga



US and British Bombing Campaign Against Taliban Government and al Qaeda Terrorist Camps in Afghanistan Begins



October 8



John Clarke's Birthday



Jesse Jackson's Birthday



October 9



The Chicago Fire



Leif Erikson Day



October 10



Yom Kippur



Oklahoma Historical Day



October 11



Eleanor Roosevelt's Birthday



Harlan Fiske Stone's Birthday



October 12



Columbus Day



First Use of the Pledge of Allegiance



U.S.S. Cole Attacked in the Port of Aden, Yemen



October 13



White House Cornerstone Laid



Battle of Queenston Heights



October 14



Dwight David Eisenhower's Birthday



William Penn's Birthday



October 15



Sukkot



John Kenneth Galbraith's birthday



October 16



Noah Webster's Birthday



Million Man March



October 17



American Revolution: British Surrender at Saratoga



The Federalist Papers Are First Published



October 18



Anniversary of the Transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United States



Thomas B. Reed's birthday



Feast of St. Luke



October 19



The North American Martyrs



The Peggy Stewart Incident



British Surrender at Yorktown



October 20



General Douglas MacArthur returns to the Philippines



Convention of 1818 Signed



October 21



Electric Light Bulb Perfected



October 22



Cuban Missile Crisis



Birthday of Timothy Leary



October 23



Francis Hopkinson Smith's Birthday



Hungary Declares Independence



October 24



The United Nations Formally Comes into Existence



War Powers Resolution



President Barack Obama Declares Swine Flu a National Emergency



October 25



Richard E. Byrd's Birthday



October 26



Erie Canal Opens



Hillary Rodham Clinton's Birthday



Patriot Act Is Signed



October 27



Theodore Roosevelt's Birthday



October 28



Statue of Liberty Dedicated



Bill Gates's Birthday



Julia Roberts's Birthday



October 29



Stock Market Crash of 1929



The Stock Market in American History: Bull and Bear Market Cycles



Hurricane Sandy Makes Landfall



October 30



John Adams's Birthday



Moscow Conference



October 31



Halloween



Admission of Nevada to the Union



November



November 1



All Saints Day



November 2



Warren G. Harding's Birthday



James K. Polk's Birthday



North Dakota Admitted to the Union



South Dakota Admitted to the Union



November 3



Edward Douglass White's Birthday



General Election Day



November 4



Will Rogers's Birthday



Robert Mapplethorpe's Birthday



Laura Bush's Birthday



November 5



John Dickinson Writes the First of the “Farmer's Letters”



Eugene Debs's Birthday



November 6



John Carroll Appointed First Roman Catholic Bishop in the United States



First College Football Game



November 7



Harvard Established



Battle of Tippecanoe



November 8



Founding of Mount Holyoke College, the First American College For Women



US Troops Land in North Africa



Montana Admitted to the Union



US Presidential Election Florida Recount



November 9



The Great Northeast Power Failure



November 10



American Revolution: First Marine Corps Units Formed



Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions



November 11



Veterans Day



Admission of Washington State to the Union



November 12



Elizabeth Cady Stanton's Birthday



The Washington Conference Begins



November 13



Edwin Booth's Birthday



Louis Brandeis's Birthday



November 14



Samuel Seabury Appointed First Protestant Bishop in the United States



The Apollo 12 Mission to the Moon is Launched



November 15



Articles of Confederation Adopted



Georgia O'Keeffe's Birthday



November 16



Oklahoma Admitted to the Union



November 17



Congress Finds a Permanent Home



Anne Hutchinson Banished From Colonial Massachusetts



November 18



Asa Gray's Birthday



End of the Monroe Doctrine



November 19



President Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address



James A. Garfield's Birthday



November 20



Robert F. Kennedy's Birthday



November 21



North Carolina Ratifies the Constitution



November 22



President John F. Kennedy Assassinated



November 23



Federalist Number Ten is Published



Franklin Pierce's Birthday



November 24



Zachary Taylor's Birthday



November 25



Andrew Carnegie's Birthday



Evacuation of the British Troops from New York



Creation of the Department of Homeland Security



November 26



Thanksgiving Day



Death of Sojourner Truth



November 27



Robert R. Livingston's Birthday



November 28



The Teheran Conference



November 29



Morrison Remick Waite's Birthday



Marcus Whitman's Death



Advent Begins



United Nations Approves International Coalition for Operation Desert Storm



November 30



Mark Twain's Birthday



Shirley Chisholm's Birthday



December



December 1



Presidential Elections of 1824 Deadlocked



The Tehran Conference



Montgomery Bus Boycott Starts



December 2



The Monroe Doctrine Promulgated



First Nuclear Chain Reaction Achieved



December 3



Gilbert Stuart's Birthday



Illinois Admitted to the Union



December 4



George Washington Takes Leave of his Officers



The American Anti-Slavery Society Is Organized



December 5



Twenty-First Amendment Proclaimed Ratified



Martin Van Buren's Birthday



December 6



The Everglades Become a National Park



Feast of St. Nicholas



December 7



Delaware ratifies the Constitution



The Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor



December 8



Feast of the Immaculate Conception of Mary



United States Enters World War II



December 9



American Revolution: Battle of Great Bridge, Virginia



Tip O'Neill's Birthday



December 10



Emily Dickinson's Birthday



Human Rights Day and Week



Mississippi Admitted to the Union



Wyoming Passes the First Law Giving Women the Right to Vote



Mary Barra of General Motors Becomes First Female CEO of a Major Automotive Company



December 11



Indiana Admitted to the Union



John Kerry's Birthday



December 12



John Jay's Birthday



Pennsylvania Ratifies the Constitution



North Korean Crisis Begins When New Satellite Is Launched



December 13



War: North Korea and South Korea Finally Execute a Peace Treaty



Ben Bernanke's Birthday



Saddam Hussein Captured by US Troops



December 14



Alabama Admitted to the Union



George Washington's Death



December 15



Ratification of the Bill of Rights



December 16



Boston Tea Party



The New Madrid, Missouri Earthquake



December 17



Wright Brothers' First Flight



John Greenleaf Whittier's Birthday



December 18



New Jersey Ratifies the Constitution



Lyman Abbott's Birthday



Thirteenth Amendment Proclaimed Ratified



Steven Spielberg's Birthday



December 19



American Revolution: George Washington Camps at Valley Forge



December 20



Louisiana Purchased



American Poet Laureate Established



December 21



Winter Begins



Forefathers' Day



December 22



James Oglethorpe's Birthday



December 23



Hanukkah



Birthday of Joseph Smith Jr., Founder of the Mormon Faith



Federal Reserve System Established



December 24



Christmas Eve



Treaty of Ghent Signed



December 25



Christmas



Clara Barton's Birthday



Gorbachev Resigns and the Soviet Union Dissolves



December 26



Battle of Trenton



Feast of St. Stephen



Kwanzaa Begins



December 27



The Soviet Union Installs a Puppet Government in Afghanistan



Feast of St. John



December 28



Iowa Admitted to the Union



Feast of the Holy Innocents (Childermas)



Denzel Washington's Birthday



December 29



Andrew Johnson's Birthday



Woodrow Wilson's Birthday



Massacre at Wounded Knee



Texas Admitted to the Union



December 30



The Gadsden Purchase



Tiger Woods's Birthday



December 31



New Year's Eve



George Marshall's Birthday



Beginning of Ramadan, the Islamic Month of Fasting



Appendix A: The Calendar



Appendix B: The Era



Appendix C: The Days of the Week



Appendix D: Signs of the Zodiac



Appendix E: United States Constitution



Appendix F: Declaration of Independence



Appendix G: Articles of Confederation



Appendix H: Mayflower Compact of 1620



Appendix I: Important Public Holidays and Events