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The Reference Shelf: U.S. National Debate Topic: 2020-2021 Criminal Justice Reform

Table of Contents

Preface



1 Race, Human Rights, and Justice



Human Rights and the Law


The Growing Racial Disparity in Prison Time


Why Support for the Death Penalty Is Much Higher among White Americans


LAPD Searches Blacks and Latinos More Often


Study That Claims White Police No More Likely to Shoot Minorities Draws Fire


The Bad-Apple Myth of Policing


2 Prison and Its Alternatives



Rehabilitation and Punishment


The Case for Abolishing Prisons


How Lessons in Scandinavian Design Could Help Prisons with Rehabilitation


White House Touts Prison Reforms but Throws Cold Water on Sentencing Bill


3 Months into New Criminal Justice Law, Success for Some and Snafus for Others


The Case Against Solitary Confinement


3 Privatization and Mass Incarceration



The Incarceration Problem


What Democrats Get Wrong about Prison Reform


Who Profits from Our Prison System?


Here’s Why Abolishing Private Prisons Isn’t a Silver Bullet


Everything You Don’t Know about Mass Incarceration


Michelle Alexander Is Wrong about Mass Incarceration


4 The Scientific and Technological Dimensions



The Technological Edge


How Robots, IoT and Artificial Intelligence Are Transforming the Police


How the Police Use Facial Recognition, and Where It Falls Short


How a Hacker Proved Cops Used a Secret Government Phone Tracker to Find Him


Ten Years Later: The Lasting Impact of the 2009 NAS Report


Bad Evidence


Recent Developments in the Forensic Sciences


Forensic Science Isn’t “Reliable” or “Unreliable”—It Depends on the Questions You’re Trying to Answer


Rep. Takano Introduces the Justice in Forensic Algorithms Act to Protect Defendants’ Due Process Rights in the Criminal Justice System


5 What the States Are Doing



The State of Criminal Justice


From Marijuana to the Death Penalty, States Led the Way in 2019


Voting Rights Restoration Gives Felons a Voice in More States


California Set to End Private Prisons and Immigrant Detention Camps


NYPD Overhauls Rules for DNA Evidence in Criminal Cases


Chicago Judge Says His Bail Reforms Were a Success. But Independent Reviews Show Flaws and More Crimes.


Big Risks in Discovery Reform: N.Y.’s New Law Tips the Balance Way Too Far in Favor of Defendants


New York Police Try To Pin Gang Witness’s Death on Criminal Justice Reforms


How a Criminal Justice Reform Became an Enrichment Scheme


In California, Criminal Justice Reform Offers a Lesson for the Nation


Bibliography


Websites