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Great Lives from History: The Twentieth Century

Table of Contents

Europe, 1914



North and Central America, 1993



North and Central America, 1914



Europe, 1993



Africa, 1993



South America, 1993



Asia and Australasia, 1993



Asia and Australasia, 1914



South America, 1914



Hank Aaron



Alvin Ailey



Hannes Alfvén



Salvador Allende



Luis W. Alvarez



Idi Amin



Mother Angelica



Virginia Apgar



Oscar Arias Sánchez



Jean-Bertrand Aristide



Mary Kay Ash



Hafez al-Assad



Margaret Atwood



W. H. Auden



Aung San Suu Kyi



Walter Baade



Hastings Kamuzu Banda



Bao Dai



John Bardeen



Mikhail Baryshnikov



Ingrid Bergman



Tim Berners-Lee



Mary McLeod Bethune



Jeff Bezos



Bhumibol Adulyadej



Benazir Bhutto



Zulfikar Ali Bhutto



Osama Bin Laden



Harry A. Blackmun



Tony Blair



Humphrey Bogart



Norman Borlaug



Max Born



Nadia Boulanger



William J. Brennan



Stephen G. Breyer



Gwendolyn Brooks



Helen Gurley Brown



Molly Brown



Gro Harlem Brundtland



William F. Buckley, Jr.



Warren Buffett



Jocelyn Burnell



George H. W. Bush



Maria Callas



Melvin Calvin



Annie Jump Cannon



Fernando Henrique Cardoso



Nicolae Ceauşescu



Vinton Gray Cerf



Wilt Chamberlain



César Chávez



G. K. Chesterton



Judy Chicago



Hillary Rodham Clinton



Bessie Coleman



Bill Cosby



Walter Cronkite



Bing Crosby



Celia Cruz



Merce Cunningham



Dalai Lama



Robertson Davies



F. W. de Klerk



John G. Diefenbaker



Paul A. M. Dirac



Elizabeth Dole



Jimmy Doolittle



Helen Gahagan Douglas



William O. Douglas



José Napoleon Duarte



François Duvalier



Bob Dylan



Marian Wright Edelman



Eugen Ehrlich



Elizabeth II



Shūsaku Endō



M. C. Escher



Jerry Falwell



Frantz Fanon



Farouk I



Louis Farrakhan



Michel Fokine



Henry Fonda



Betty Ford



Francesco Forgione



Bob Fosse



Rosalind Franklin



Milton Friedman



Alberto Fujimori



Clark Gable



John Kenneth Galbraith



Mavis Gallant



George Gamow



Marc Garneau



Bill Gates



Frank Gehry



Hans Geiger



Sir John Paul Getty



Charlotte Perkins Gilman



Kurt Gödel



Al Gore



Glenn Gould



Stephen Jay Gould



Billy Graham



Cary Grant



Wayne Gretzky



Arthur Griffith



Andrei Gromyko



George Habash



Jürgen Habermas



George Ellery Hale



Mary A. Hallaren



Fannie Lou Hamer



W. C. Handy



Barbara Harris



Hassan II



Václav Havel



Robert Hawke



F. A. Hayek



Audrey Hepburn



Gerhard Herzberg



Harry Hammond Hess



David Hilbert



Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin



Bob Hope



Grace Murray Hopper



Harry Houdini



Sir Fred Hoyle



Hu Yaobang



Hua Guofeng



L. Ron Hubbard



Edwin Powell Hubble



Howard Hughes



Hun Sen



Saddam Hussein



Jiang Zemin



Steve Jobs



Robert Joffrey



Lady Bird Johnson



Michael Jordan



Christine Jorgensen



Juan Carlos I



Frida Kahlo



Heike Kamerlingh Onnes



Buster Keaton



Gene Kelly



Kim Dae Jung



Kim Il Sung



Kim Jong Il



Henry Kissinger



Gustav Klimt



Helmut Kohl



Sir Hans Adolf Krebs



Ray Kroc



Ann Landers



Karl Landsteiner



Estée Lauder



Max von Laue



Mary Leakey



Henrietta Swan Leavitt



René Lévesque



Bernard Lewis



Jerry Lewis



Willard F. Libby



Roy Lichtenstein



Trygve Lie



Anne Morrow Lindbergh



Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber



George Lucas



Shannon W. Lucid



Patrice Lumumba



Barbara McClintock



Robert McNamara



Datuk Seri Mahathir bin Mohamad



John Major



Man Ray



Benoit B. Mandelbrot



Dame Alicia Markova



François Mauriac



Louis B. Mayer



George Meany



Rigoberta Menchú



Dorothy Reed Mendenhall



Mengistu Haile Mariam



Thomas Merton



Slobodan Milošević



Amedeo Modigliani



Sun Myung Moon



Hans Joachim Morgenthau



Mohammad Mossadegh



Robert Motherwell



Robert Mugabe



Kary B. Mullis



Alice Munro



Rupert Murdoch



Yoweri Kaguta Museveni



Ralph Nader



Sir V. S. Naipaul



James Naismith



Ngo Dinh Diem



Nguyen Van Thieu



Jack Nicklaus



Carl Nielsen



Robert Nozick



Rudolf Nureyev



Milton Obote



Claes Oldenburg



Michael Ondaatje



Daniel Ortega



Andreas Papandreou



Octavio Paz



Víctor Paz Estenssoro



Lester B. Pearson



Gregory Peck



Oscar Peterson



Edith Piaf



Józef Piłsudski



Gifford Pinchot



Augusto Pinochet Ugarte



Pius X



Sidney Poitier



Pol Pot



Lewis F. Powell, Jr.



Yitzhak Rabin



Ayn Rand



Robert Rauschenberg



Jerry John Rawlings



John Rawls



Sam Rayburn



Janet Reno



Reza Shah Pahlavi



Mordecai Richler



Charles Richter



Leni Riefenstahl



Jerome Robbins



Frank Robinson



Mary Robinson



John D. Rockefeller, Jr.



Nelson A. Rockefeller



Knute Rockne



Edith Nourse Rogers



Oscar Romero



Sir Joseph Rotblat



Mark Rothko



Peyton Rous



F. Sherwood Rowland



Pete Rozelle



Henry Norris Russell



Ruth St. Denis



Louis St. Laurent



Camille Saint-Saëns



António de Oliveira Salazar



Pete Sampras



Frederick Sanger



Charles M. Schulz



Martin Scorsese



Peter Sellers



Mack Sennett



Robert W. Service



Fulton J. Sheen



George P. Shultz



Muhammad Siad Barre



Beverly Sills



Frederick Soddy



Susan Sontag



George Soros



David H. Souter



Steven Spielberg



Wendell Stanley



Barbra Streisand



Suharto



Anne Sullivan



Shinichi Suzuki



Helen Brooke Taussig



Dame Elizabeth Taylor



Shirley Temple



Twyla Tharp



Clarence Thomas



Sir Joseph John Thomson



Omar Torrijos



Charles Hard Townes



Spencer Tracy



Pierre Trudeau



Rafael Trujillo



Ted Turner



Desmond Tutu



James Van Allen



Harold E. Varmus



Barbara Walters



Sam Walton



Jack Warner



Muddy Waters



Thomas J. Watson, Sr., and Thomas J. Watson, Jr.



Steven Weinberg



Edward O. Wilson



Rosalyn Yalow



Chuck Yeager



Zhao Ziyang



Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq



Rulers and Heads of State



Alvar Aalto



Ferhat Abbas



Ralph Abernathy



Chinua Achebe



Dean Acheson



Jane Addams



Konrad Adenauer



Alfred Adler



JoAnne Akalaitis



Anna Akhmatova



Akihito



First Viscount Alanbrooke



Madeleine Albright



Muhammad Ali



Lord Allenby



Viktor A. Ambartsumian



Roald Amundsen



Marian Anderson



Sir Norman Angell



Maya Angelou



Guillaume Apollinaire



Corazon Aquino



Yasir Arafat



Diane Arbus



Hannah Arendt



Edwin H. Armstrong



Louis Armstrong



Neil Armstrong



Svante August Arrhenius



Dorothy Arzner



H. H. Asquith



Fred Astaire



Nancy Astor



Atatürk



Clement Attlee



Sri Aurobindo



Nnamdi Azikiwe



Leo Baeck



Mikhail Bakhtin



George Balanchine



Emily Greene Balch



James Baldwin



Stanley Baldwin



Arthur Balfour



Lucille Ball



Robert D. Ballard



Sir Surendranath Banerjea



Sir Frederick G. Banting



Samuel Barber



Christiaan Barnard



Djuna Barnes



Karl Barth



Roland Barthes



Béla Bartók



Nikolay Gennadiyevich Basov



Sir William Maddock Bayliss



Charles A. Beard



The Beatles



Simone de Beauvoir



Lord Beaverbrook



Samuel Beckett



Menachem Begin



Saul Bellow



Ruth Benedict



Edvard Beneš



Stephen Vincent Benét



David Ben-Gurion



Walter Benjamin



Alban Berg



Friedrich Bergius



Ingmar Bergman



Henri Bergson



Irving Berlin



Eduard Bernstein



Leonard Bernstein



Hans Albrecht Bethe



Aneurin Bevan



Lord Beveridge



Ernest Bevin



Vilhelm Bjerknes



Hugo L. Black



Louis Blériot



Eugen Bleuler



Aleksandr Blok



Léon Blum



Franz Boas



Umberto Boccioni



Niels Bohr



Heinrich Böll



Margaret Bondfield



Dietrich Bonhoeffer



Pierre Bonnard



Sir Robert Laird Borden



Björn Borg



Jorge Luis Borges



Louis Botha



Walther Bothe



Horatio W. Bottomley



Pierre Boulez



Habib Bourguiba



Margaret Bourke-White



Boutros Boutros-Ghali



Omar Nelson Bradley



Sir Donald G. Bradman



Sir Lawrence Bragg



Constantin Brancusi



Louis D. Brandeis



Marlon Brando



Willy Brandt



Georges Braque



Fernand Braudel



Wernher von Braun



Bertolt Brecht



André Breton



Josef Breuer



Henri-Édouard-Prosper Breuil



Leonid Brezhnev



Percy Williams Bridgman



Benjamin Britten



Louis de Broglie



Emil Brunner



William Jennings Bryan



Martin Buber



Pearl S. Buck



Nikolay Ivanovich Bukharin



Bernhard von Bülow



Rudolf Bultmann



Ralph Bunche



Luis Buñuel



Warren E. Burger



Sir Macfarlane Burnet



Edgar Rice Burroughs



Nicholas Murray Butler



R. A. Butler



Richard Byrd



Alexander Calder



Plutarco Elías Calles



Albert Calmette



Kim Campbell



Albert Camus



Felix Candela



Karel Čapek



Al Capone



Truman Capote



Lázaro Cárdenas



Benjamin N. Cardozo



Chester F. Carlson



Rudolf Carnap



Rachel Carson



Jimmy Carter



Henri Cartier-Bresson



Enrico Caruso



George Washington Carver



Pablo Casals



René Cassin



Ernst Cassirer



Fidel Castro



Willa Cather



Carrie Chapman Catt



Aimé Césaire



Sir James Chadwick



Marc Chagall



Neville Chamberlain



Coco Chanel



Charles Chaplin



Ray Charles



Chen Duxiu



Chiang Kai-shek



Shirley Chisholm



Noam Chomsky



Zhou Enlai



Jean Chrétien



Dame Agatha Christie



Zhu De



Sir Winston Churchill



André-Gustave Citroën



Georges Claude



Georges Clemenceau



Bill Clinton



Ty Cobb



Jean Cocteau



Sebastian Coe



Colette



Michael Collins



Norman Collins



John Coltrane



Arthur Holly Compton



James Bryant Conant



Joseph Conrad



Learie Constantine



Calvin Coolidge



Aaron Copland



William T. Cosgrave



Pierre de Coubertin



Jacques Cousteau



Sir Noël Coward



Hart Crane



Cheryl Crawford



Francis Crick



Benedetto Croce



E. E. Cummings



Imogen Cunningham



Marie and Pierre Curie



John Curtin



George Nathaniel Curzon



Harvey Williams Cushing



Salvador Dalí



Alexandra Danilova



André-Louis Danjon



Clarence Darrow



Bette Davis



Lucy S. Dawidowicz



Dorothy Day



Moshe Dayan



Eugene V. Debs



Claude Debussy



Lee de Forest



Alcide De Gasperi



Robert Delaunay



Frederick Delius



Agnes de Mille



Cecil B. DeMille



Jack Dempsey



Deng Xiaoping



Maurice Denis



Jacques Derrida



Eamon de Valera



John Dewey



Sergei Diaghilev



Diana, Princess of Wales



Otto Paul Hermann Diels



Marlene Dietrich



Joe DiMaggio



Walt Disney



Milovan Djilas



Bob Dole



Gerhard Domagk



Theodore Dreiser



Carl Theodor Dreyer



Alexander Dubček



W. E. B. Du Bois



Marcel Duchamp



John Foster Dulles



Isadora Duncan



Katherine Dunham



Émile Durkheim



Amelia Earhart



George Eastman



Abba Eban



Félix Éboué



Sir John Carew Eccles



Hugo Eckener



Sir Anthony Eden



Edward VII



António Egas Moniz



Christian von Ehrenfels



Paul Ehrlich



Albert Einstein



Willem Einthoven



Dwight D. Eisenhower



Sergei Eisenstein



Sir Edward Elgar



Mircea Eliade



T. S. Eliot



Duke Ellington



Havelock Ellis



Paul Éluard



Enver Paşa



Nora Ephron



Sir Jacob Epstein



Louise Erdrich



Ludwig Erhard



Max Ernst



Matthias Erzberger



Rudolf Christoph Eucken



Herbert Vere Evatt



Chris Evert



Fahd



Faisal



Faisal I



Manuel de Falla



Beatrix Jones Farrand



William Faulkner



Dianne Feinstein



Federico Fellini



Enrico Fermi



Enzo Ferrari



Geraldine Ferraro



Ella Fitzgerald



F. Scott Fitzgerald



Sir Alexander Fleming



Abraham Flexner



Baron Florey



Dame Margot Fonteyn



Gerald R. Ford



Henry Ford



C. S. Forester



E. M. Forster



Francis Ferdinand



Francisco Franco



Anne Frank



Helen Frankenthaler



Felix Frankfurter



Aretha Franklin



Sir James George Frazer



Sigmund Freud



Eugène Freyssinet



Betty Friedan



Karl von Frisch



Max Frisch



Leo Frobenius



Erich Fromm



Robert Frost



Roger Fry



Athol Fugard



Loie Fuller



R. Buckminster Fuller



Yuri Gagarin



Abel Gance



Indira Gandhi



Mahatma Gandhi



Greta Garbo



Federico García Lorca



Gabriel García Márquez



Isabella Stewart Gardner



Erle Stanley Gardner



Judy Garland



Tony Garnier



Marcus Garvey



Antonio Gaudí



Charles de Gaulle



Norman Bel Geddes



Lou Gehrig



Rudolf Geiger



Dr. Seuss



Jean Genet



Giovanni Gentile



George V



George VI



George Gershwin



Ira Gershwin



Arnold Gesell



Alberto Giacometti



Althea Gibson



André Gide



Dizzy Gillespie



Étienne Gilson



Jean Giraudoux



Lillian Gish



John Glenn



Jean-Luc Godard



Robert H. Goddard



Joseph Goebbels



George Washington Goethals



Emma Goldman



Samuel Goldwyn



Benny Goodman



Mikhail Gorbachev



Nadine Gordimer



William Crawford Gorgas



Hermann Göring



Maxim Gorky



Katharine Graham



Martha Graham



Antonio Gramsci



Günter Grass



Graham Greene



Alan Greenspan



Sir Edward Grey



D. W. Griffith



Juan Gris



Walter Gropius



Heinz Guderian



Che Guevara



Daniel Guggenheim



Charles-Édouard Guillaume



H. D.



Fritz Haber



Otto Hahn



Haile Selassie I



Halide Edib Adıvar



William F. Halsey



Dag Hammarskjöld



Oscar Hammerstein II



Knut Hamsun



Learned Hand



Lorraine Hansberry



Warren G. Harding



Alfred and Harold Harmsworth



Adolf von Harnack



William Averell Harriman



Lorenz Hart



Nicolai Hartmann



Ichirō Hatoyama



Mohammad Hatta



Stephen Hawking



Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre



Helen Hayes



Le Ly Hayslip



Rita Hayworth



William Randolph Hearst



Sir Edward Heath



Martin Heidegger



Ernst Heinkel



Werner Heisenberg



Lillian Hellman



Ernest Hemingway



Sonja Henie



Hans Werner Henze



Katharine Hepburn



Aileen Clarke Hernandez



Édouard Herriot



Gustav Hertz



Hermann Hesse



Georg von Hevesy



Thor Heyerdahl



Sir Edmund Hillary



Heinrich Himmler



Paul Hindemith



Paul von Hindenburg



Hirohito



Alger Hiss



Alfred Hitchcock



Adolf Hitler



Ho Chi Minh



Oveta Culp Hobby



Leonard T. Hobhouse



David Hockney



Billie Holiday



Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.



Soichiro Honda



Herbert Hoover



J. Edgar Hoover



Harry Hopkins



Edward Hopper



Karen Horney



Vladimir Horowitz



Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield



Félix Houphouët-Boigny



Bernardo Alberto Houssay



Dolores Huerta



Langston Hughes



Charles Evans Hughes



William Morris Hughes



Cordell Hull



Hubert H. Humphrey



Zora Neale Hurston



Hussein I



Edmund Husserl



Robert M. Hutchins



Aldous Huxley



Hayato Ikeda



İsmet Paşa



Eugène Ionesco



Charles Ives



Jesse Jackson



François Jacob



Roman Jakobson



Leoš Janáček



Pierre Janet



Karl Jaspers



Mohammed Ali Jinnah



Joseph-Jacques-Césaire Joffre



John XXIII



Augustus John



John Paul II



Lyndon B. Johnson



Frédéric Joliot and Irène Joliot-Curie



Bobby Jones



Mother Jones



Janis Joplin



Barbara Jordan



James Joyce



Carl Jung



Franz Kafka



Wassily Kandinsky



Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa



Herbert von Karajan



Yasunari Kawabata



Nikos Kazantzakis



Helen Keller



John F. Kennedy



Robert F. Kennedy



Jomo Kenyatta



Aleksandr Fyodorovich Kerensky



Jack Kerouac



Albert Kesselring



John Maynard Keynes



Ayatollah Khomeini



Nikita S. Khrushchev



Jean-Claude Killy



Billie Jean King



Martin Luther King, Jr.



Stephen King



William Lyon Mackenzie King



Alfred Kinsey



Ernst Ludwig Kirchner



Jeane Kirkpatrick



Lord Kitchener



Paul Klee



Oskar Kokoschka



Käthe Kollwitz



Sergei Korolev



Lee Krasner



August Krogh



Elisabeth Kübler-Ross



Guo Moruo



František Kupka



Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov



Akira Kurosawa



Rudolf Laban



Jacques Lacan



Robert M. La Follette



Henri-Marie La Fontaine



Selma Lagerlöf



Fiorello Henry La Guardia



Frederick William Lanchester



Lev Davidovich Landau



Fritz Lang



K. D. Lang



Dorothea Lange



Susanne K. Langer



Lord Lansdowne



Harold J. Laski



Julia C. Lathrop



Sir Wilfrid Laurier



Pierre Laval



Rod Laver



Bonar Law



D. H. Lawrence



Ernest Orlando Lawrence



T. E. Lawrence



Halldór Laxness



L. S. B. Leakey



Gustave Le Bon



Le Corbusier



Lee Kuan Yew



Eva Le Gallienne



Fernand Léger



Georges Lemaître



Vladimir Ilich Lenin



Claude Lévi-Strauss



C. S. Lewis



John L. Lewis



Sinclair Lewis



Serge Lifar



Maya Ying Lin



Lin Biao



Charles A. Lindbergh



Jacques Lipchitz



Li Peng



Walter Lippmann



Maksim Maksimovich Litvinov



Liu Shaoqi



David Lloyd George



Henry Cabot Lodge



Jack London



Huey Long



Anita Loos



Hendrik Antoon Lorentz



Konrad Lorenz



Joe Louis



Juliette Gordon Low



Amy Lowell



Lu Xun



Clare Boothe Luce



Henry R. Luce



Erich Ludendorff



Lord Lugard



György Lukács



Auguste and Louis Lumière



Albert Lutuli



Rosa Luxemburg



Dame Enid Muriel Lyons



Joseph Aloysius Lyons



Douglas MacArthur



Joseph McCarthy



Mary McCarthy



Carson McCullers



Ramsay MacDonald



Samora Machel



Sir Halford John Mackinder



Catharine A. MacKinnon



John J. R. Macleod



Marshall McLuhan



Edwin Mattison McMillan



Harold Macmillan



Francisco Madero



René Magritte



Naguib Mahfouz



Gustav Mahler



Norman Mailer



Malcolm X



Georgi M. Malenkov



André Malraux



Nelson Mandela



Wilma Mankiller



Thomas Mann



Carl Gustaf Mannerheim



Mao Zedong



Franz Marc



Gabriel Marcel



Rocky Marciano



Guglielmo Marconi



Ferdinand Marcos



Jacques Maritain



George C. Marshall



Thurgood Marshall



Agnes Martin



Tomáš Masaryk



William Ferguson Massey



Léonide Massine



Henri Matisse



Konosuke Matsushita



Vladimir Mayakovsky



William J. and Charles H. Mayo



Margaret Mead



Golda Meir



Lise Meitner



Andrew Mellon



H. L. Mencken



Erich Mendelsohn



Pierre Mendès-France



Gian Carlo Menotti



Sir Robert Gordon Menzies



Maurice Merleau-Ponty



Olivier Messiaen



Reinhold Messner



Vsevolod Yemilyevich Meyerhold



André and Édouard Michelin



James A. Michener



Ludwig Mies van der Rohe



Darius Milhaud



Edna St. Vincent Millay



Arthur Miller



Kate Millett



Robert Andrews Millikan



A. A. Milne



Joan Miró



Yukio Mishima



William Mitchell



François Mitterrand



Mobutu Sese Seko



Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi



Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov



Piet Mondrian



Claude Monet



Jean Monnet



Marilyn Monroe



Eugenio Montale



Maria Montessori



Bernard Law Montgomery



G. E. Moore



Henry Moore



Marianne Moore



Thomas Hunt Morgan



Akio Morita



Toni Morrison



Gaetano Mosca



Grandma Moses



John R. Mott



Louis Mountbatten



Hermann Joseph Muller



Brian Mulroney



Edvard Munch



Edward R. Murrow



Benito Mussolini



Gunnar Myrdal



Vladimir Nabokov



Sarojini Naidu



Fridtjof Nansen



Paul Nash



Gamal Abdel Nasser



Giulio Natta



Martina Navratilova



Louis-Eugène-Félix Néel



Jawaharlal Nehru



Walther Hermann Nernst



Pablo Neruda



Pier Luigi Nervi



John von Neumann



Louise Nevelson



Ben Nicholson



Reinhold Niebuhr



Oscar Niemeyer



Martin Niemöller



Vaslav Nijinsky



Chester W. Nimitz



Kitarō Nishida



Richard Nixon



Kwame Nkrumah



Max Nordau



Jessye Norman



Julius Nyerere



Hermann Oberth



Álvaro Obregón



Thomas Power O’Connor



Flannery O’Connor



Sandra Day O’Connor



Sadaharu Oh



Georgia O’Keeffe



Seán T. O’Kelly



Sir Laurence Olivier



Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis



Tip O’Neill



Eugene O’Neill



Jan Hendrik Oort



Aleksandr Ivanovich Oparin



J. Robert Oppenheimer



José Clemente Orozco



Katherine Davalos Ortega



José Ortega y Gasset



George Orwell



Thomas Mott Osborne



Wilhelm Ostwald



J. J. P. Oud



Jesse Owens



Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit



Emmeline Pankhurst



Franz von Papen



Charlie Parker



Dorothy Parker



Rosa Parks



Vernon Louis Parrington



Dolly Parton



Boris Pasternak



Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel



Alan Paton



George S. Patton



Paul VI



Alice Paul



Wolfgang Pauli



Linus Pauling



Luciano Pavarotti



Ivan Petrovich Pavlov



Anna Pavlova



Robert Edwin Peary



I. M. Pei



Pelé



Peng Dehuai



Javier Pérez de Cuéllar



Frances Perkins



Juan Perón



Eva Perón



H. Ross Perot



Auguste Perret



Fred Perry



John J. Pershing



Philippe Pétain



Jean Piaget



Émile Picard



Pablo Picasso



Auguste and Jean-Felix Piccard



Mary Pickford



Susan La Flesche Picotte



Luigi Pirandello



Dominique Pire



The Pirelli Family



Henri Pirenne



Pius XI



Pius XII



Max Planck



Sylvia Plath



Gary Player



Raymond Poincaré



Jackson Pollock



Georges Pompidou



Cole Porter



Katherine Anne Porter



Beatrix Potter



Francis Poulenc



Colin Powell



Ludwig Prandtl



Elvis Presley



Leontyne Price



Sergei Prokofiev



Marcel Proust



Giacomo Puccini



Muammar al-Qaddafi



Isidor Isaac Rabi



Sergei Rachmaninoff



Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman



A. Philip Randolph



Jeannette Rankin



Knud Johan Victor Rasmussen



Walter Rauschenbusch



Maurice Ravel



Satyajit Ray



Ronald Reagan



William H. Rehnquist



Erich Maria Remarque



Jean Renoir



Walter P. Reuther



Syngman Rhee



Ann Richards



Hyman G. Rickover



Sally Ride



Rainer Maria Rilke



Diego Rivera



Paul Robeson



Jackie Robinson



Norman Rockwell



Richard Rodgers



Will Rogers



Charles Stewart Rolls and Sir Frederick Henry Royce



Erwin Rommel



Eleanor Roosevelt



Franklin D. Roosevelt



Theodore Roosevelt



Elihu Root



Hermann Rorschach



Pete Rose



Nellie Tayloe Ross



Sir Ronald Ross



Georges Rouault



Josiah Royce



Muriel Rukeyser



Gerd von Rundstedt



Bertrand Russell



Bill Russell



Babe Ruth



Ernest Rutherford



Nicola Sacco



Nelly Sachs



Anwar el-Sadat



Carl Sagan



Andrei Sakharov



J. D. Salinger



Jonas Salk



Carl Sandburg



Margaret Sanger



George Santayana



Alberto Santos-Dumont



Nathalie Sarraute



Jean-Paul Sartre



Erik Satie



Eisaku Satō



Ferdinand de Saussure



Jeanne Sauvé



Max Scheler



Bernhard Voldemar Schmidt



Karl Schmidt-Rottluff



Arnold Schoenberg



Erwin Schrödinger



Karl Schwarzschild



Albert Schweitzer



Glenn Theodore Seaborg



Hans von Seeckt



Andrés Segovia



Maurice Sendak



Léopold Senghor



Anne Sexton



George Bernard Shaw



Alan Shepard



Dmitri Shostakovich



Jean Sibelius



Norodom Sihanouk



Frank Sinatra



Upton Sinclair



B. F. Skinner



First Viscount Slim



Alfred E. Smith



Bessie Smith



Margaret Chase Smith



Theobald Smith



Jan Christian Smuts



Nathan Söderblom



Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn



Georges Sorel



John Philip Sousa



Wole Soyinka



Paul-Henri Spaak



Benjamin Spock



Joseph Stalin



Konstantin Stanislavsky



Johannes Stark



Ernest Henry Starling



Hermann Staudinger



Edward Steichen



Edith Stein



Gertrude Stein



John Steinbeck



Gloria Steinem



Adlai E. Stevenson



James Stewart



Alfred Stieglitz



Henry L. Stimson



Karlheinz Stockhausen



Harlan Fiske Stone



First Baron Reith of Stonehaven



Marie Stopes



Richard Strauss



Igor Stravinsky



Gustav Stresemann



August Strindberg



Sukarno



Harry Stack Sullivan



Sun Yat-sen



Billy Sunday



Graham Vivian Sutherland



Robert A. Taft



William Howard Taft



Rabindranath Tagore



Marion Talbot



Maria Tallchief



Jun’ichirō Tanizaki



Ida Tarbell



Frederick Winslow Taylor



Sara Teasdale



Pierre Teilhard de Chardin



Edward Teller



Mother Teresa



Valentina Tereshkova



Megan Terry



U Thant



Margaret Thatcher



Hugo Theorell



Norman Thomas



Tom Thomson



Edward L. Thorndike



Jim Thorpe



James Thurber



Bal Gangadhar Tilak



Paul Tillich



Alfred von Tirpitz



Tito



J. R. R. Tolkien



Clyde William Tombaugh



Ferdinand Julius Tönnies



Arturo Toscanini



Ahmed Sékou Touré



Arnold Toynbee



Eiji Toyoda



Ernst Troeltsch



Leon Trotsky



François Truffaut



Harry S. Truman



Moïse Tshombe



Konstantin Tsiolkovsky



Marina Tsvetayeva



William V. S. Tubman



Barbara W. Tuchman



Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev



Alan Mathison Turing



Frederick Jackson Turner



Walter Ulbricht



Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo



Harold C. Urey



Paul Valéry



Edgard Varèse



Ralph Vaughan Williams



Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov



Thorstein Veblen



Eleuthérios Venizélos



Pancho Villa



Heitor Villa-Lobos



Luchino Visconti



Édouard Vuillard



Vo Nguyen Giap



Joachim Wach



Selman Abraham Waksman



Lillian D. Wald



Kurt Waldheim



Lech Wałesa



Madam C. J. Walker



Alice Walker



Henry A. Wallace



George C. Wallace



Sir William Walton



Wang Jingwei



Felix Wankel



Andy Warhol



Robert Penn Warren



Earl Warren



James D. Watson



John Wayne



Beatrice and Sidney Webb



Max Weber



Anton von Webern



Alfred Wegener



Simone Weil



Kurt Weill



Chaim Weizmann



Orson Welles



H. G. Wells



Ida B. Wells-Barnett



Max Wertheimer



Mae West



Edith Wharton



George Hoyt Whipple



Walter White



Alfred North Whitehead



Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney



Sir Frank Whittle



Norbert Wiener



Elie Wiesel



Simon Wiesenthal



Hazel Wightman



Laura Ingalls Wilder



Sir George Hubert Wilkins



Maurice Wilkins



William II



Tennessee Williams



Edmund Wilson



Sir Harold Wilson



Woodrow Wilson



Duke of Windsor



Oprah Winfrey



Stephen Samuel Wise



Ludwig Wittgenstein



Max Wolf



Thomas Wolfe



Grant Wood



Tiger Woods



Robert Burns Woodward



Virginia Woolf



Frank Lloyd Wright



Orville and Wilbur Wright



Wilhelm Wundt



Andrew Wyeth



Iannis Xenakis



Ahmad Zaki Yamani



William Butler Yeats



Boris Yeltsin



Hideki Yukawa



Sa‘d Zaghlūl



Babe Didrikson Zaharias



Darryl F. Zanuck



Emiliano Zapata



Ferdinand von Zeppelin



Clara Zetkin



Georgy Zhukov



Ellen Taaffe Zwilich



Vladimir Zworykin



Chronological List of Entries in Great Lives from History: The 20th Century, 1901-2000



Geographical Index for Great Lives from History: The 20th Century, 1901-2000



Category Index for Great Lives from History: The 20th Century, 1901-2000