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The 1960s in America

Table of Contents

Ralph Abernathy


Bella Abzug


Affirmative Action

Agent Orange Controversy

Spiro T. Agnew


Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)


Air Force Academy Cheating Scandal

Air Pollution

Alaska Earthquake

Edward Albee

Alcatraz Island Occupation

Lew Alcindor

Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay)

Alice’s Restaurant

Woody Allen

Altamont Music Festival

American Bandstand

American Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968

American Indian Movement (AIM)

American Nazi Party

Apollo 1 Disaster

Apollo Space Program

Diane Arbus


Arms Race

Art Movements

Arthur Ashe

Assassinations of John and Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Opening of the Astrodome

Automobiles and Auto Manufacturing

Baby Boomers

Joan Baez

Baker Resignation

James Baldwin

Barbie and Ken Dolls



Bay of Pigs Invasion

Be-ins and Love-ins

The Beach Boys

Beach Films

Beat Generation

The Beatles

The Bell Jar

Berlin Wall

Leonard Bernstein

Daniel and Philip Berrigan

Biafran War

Bilingual Education Act

Birmingham March

Birth Control

Black Christian Nationalist Movement

Black Liberation Front

Black Like Me

“Black Manifesto”

Black Panthers

Black Power

Black United Students


Julian Bond

Bonnie and Clyde

Boston Five Trial

Boston Strangler

The Boys in the Band

Branch Banks

Richard Brautigan

British Invasion

Gwendolyn Brooks

H. Rap Brown

James Brown

Jim Brown

Brown Berets

Lenny Bruce

William F. Buckley, Jr.

Warren Burger

Business and the Economy


Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid



Career Girl Murders

Stokely Carmichael

Rachel Carson

Fidel Castro


Cat’s Cradle


Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

Wilt Chamberlain

Chappaquiddick Scandal

Charlie Brown

César Chávez

John Cheever

Caryl Chessman

Chicago Riots

Chicago Seven Trial

Chicano Movement

Chicano: Twenty-five Pieces of a Chicano Mind

Shirley Chisholm

Church Bombings

City of Night

Civil Rights Act of 1960

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Civil Rights Act of 1968

Civil Rights Movement

Eldridge Cleaver

Cold War




Conant Report

Condon Report


The Confessions of Nat Turner

Congress of Racial Equality

Conservatism in Politics

Cool Hand Luke

Corporate Liberalism


Credit and Debt

Crimes and Scandals

Walter Cronkite

Cuban Missile Crisis



Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia

Popular Dances

Angela Davis

Days of Rage

Death of a President

Death of Hippie

Decency Rallies

Democratic National Convention of 1968

Demographics of the United States

Detroit Riot

Joan Didion

Joe DiMaggio

Everett Dirksen

Do It! Scenarios of the Revolution

Dr. Strangelove

Invasion of the Dominican Republic


Draft Resisters

Drug Culture

Bob Dylan

East Village

Easy Rider

Eat a Bowl of Tea

Economic Opportunity Act of 1964

The Economy of Cities

The Ed Sullivan Show


Adolf Eichmann

The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test

Engel v. Vitale

Environmental Movement

Nora Ephron

Equal Pay Act of 1963

Equal Rights Amendment

Billie Sol Estes

Medgar Evers

Marianne Faithfull

Fallout Shelters

Farm Subsidies

Mia Farrow

Fashions and Clothing

Federal Aid to the Arts Bill

The Feminine Mystique

Feminist Movement

Lawrence Ferlinghetti


Bobby Fischer

Fitzpatrick Drug Death

Flast v. Cohen

Peggy Fleming

The Flintstones

Flower Children

Folk Music

Jane Fonda

Food Stamp Program


Abe Fortas

Joe Frazier

Free Love

Free Speech Movement

Freedom Rides

Freedom Summer

Betty Friedan

Gay Liberation Movement

Gemini Space Program


Genovese Murder

Geodesic Domes

Gideon v. Wainwright

Gidget Films

Allen Ginsberg

Nikki Giovanni

Barry Goldwater


The Graduate

Grape Workers’ Strike

Grateful Dead

Great Society Programs

Greenwich Village

Dick Gregory

Griffith-Paret Fight

Griswold v. Connecticut

Gross National Product (GNP)

Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner

Che Guevara

Gulf of Tonkin Incident




Hampton-Clark Deaths

Lorraine Hansberry


Darlene Hard

Hare Krishnas

Clement Haynsworth, Jr.

Head Start

Heart of Atlanta Motel v. the United States

Heart Transplants

Carol Heiss

Hell’s Angels

Jimi Hendrix

Eva Hesse

Higher Education Act


Hitchcock Films

Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter

J. Edgar Hoover

House Made of Dawn

Federal Housing Laws

Howard Hughes

Human Sexual Response

Hubert Humphrey

Hurricane Betsy

Hurricane Camille

Hush . . . Hush Sweet Charlotte

I Am Curious Yellow

“I Have a Dream” Speech


In Cold Blood

In the Heat of the Night



International Trade

Interracial Marriage Laws

Interstate Highway System

Jesse Jackson

Jacobellis v. Ohio

Mick Jagger

James Bond Films

Japanese Imports

Jefferson Airplane

The Jetsons

Job Corps

John Birch Society

Lyndon B. Johnson

Janis Joplin

Katzenbach v. McClung

Edward “Ted” Kennedy

Jacqueline Kennedy

John F. Kennedy

Robert F. Kennedy

Kennedy-Nixon Debates

Kerner Commission Report

Khrushchev’s UN Visit

Kidney Transplants

Billie Jean King

Coretta Scott King

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Henry Kissinger

Sandy Koufax

Ku Klux Klan (KKK)


League of Revolutionary Black Workers

Timothy Leary

Liberalism in Politics

Liberty incident

Roy Lichtenstein

Sonny Liston


Vince Lombardi

The Lord of the Rings


Lucky Come Hawaii

Eugene McCarthy

George McGovern

Rod McKuen

Marshall McLuhan

Robert McNamara

MAD magazine

Lester Maddox

Norman Mailer

Malcolm X

Vivian Malone

Manson Murders

Mickey Mantle

March Against Death

March on Selma

March on Washington


Mariner Space Program

Roger Maris


Thurgood Marshall

Peter Max

Willie Mays




Medium Cool

Memoirs v. Massachusetts

Mercury Space Program

James H. Meredith

Eve Merriam


Microwave Ovens

Midnight Cowboy

Billy Mills




Miranda v. Arizona

Miss America Pageant of 1968

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP)

Jessica Mitford



Marilyn Monroe

Monterey Pop Festival

Moon Landing

Moratorium Day

Motion Picture Association of America Rating System

Motor Vehicle Air Pollution Act of 1965


Mountain of Gold


Edmund Muskie

My Lai Incident

Ralph Nader

The Naked Ape

Joe Namath

Nation of Islam

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence

National Indian Youth Council (NIYC)

National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (MOBE)

National Organization for Women (NOW)

National States Rights Party

Native American Fishing Rights

New York Riots

New York Times Company v. Sullivan

New York World’s Fair

Newark Riot

Newport Folk Festivals

Jack Nicklaus

Pat Nixon

Richard M. Nixon

Nobel Prizes

Nuclear Reactors

Nuclear Test Ban Treaties

Nureyev Defection

Oakland Riots

Joyce Carol Oates

Office of Minority Business Enterprise (OMBE)

Oh, Calcutta!

Madalyn Murray O’Hair

Olympic Games of 1960

Olympic Games of 1964

Olympic Games of 1968

One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest

Yoko Ono

Op Art

Organized Crime

Lee Harvey Oswald

Arnold Palmer

Paris Peace Talks

Floyd Patterson

Peace Corps

Levitating of the Pentagon

People’s Park, Berkeley

Percy Murder



Marge Piercy

The Pill

Planet of the Apes

The Plum Plum Pickers


Poor People’s March

Pop Art

Pop Psychology

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.

Power Failure of 1965

Prayer in Schools

Presidential Election of 1960

Presidential Election of 1964

Presidential Election of 1968

Elvis Presley

Leontyne Price

Prosperity and Poverty

Protest Songs


Pulsating Radio Waves

Mary Quant

Quasars, Discovery of

Radio Free Europe

Betsy Rawls

Reapportionment Revolution

Religion and Spirituality

Rock Operas

Nelson A. Rockefeller

Rolling Stones

Rosemary’s Baby

Philip Roth

Route 66

Arthur Rubinstein

Wilma Rudolph

Dean Rusk

Bill Russell

Jim Ryun

San Francisco as Cultural Mecca

Sonia Sanchez

SANE (National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy)

School Desegregation

Schwerner, Goodman, and Chaney Deaths

Science and Technology

Scorpion Disappearance

SCUM Manifesto


Seattle World’s Fair

Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band

Sex and the Single Girl

Sex-Change Operations

Sexual Revolution

Sam Sheppard

Silicone Injections

Leslie Marmon Silko

Neil Simon

Simon and Garfunkel

Sinatra Kidnapping


Six-Day War



Margaret Chase Smith

Tommie Smith and John Carlos Protest

Smoking and Tobacco

The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour

Social Satires

Sonny and Cher

Susan Sontag

The Sound of Music

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

Space Race

Speck Murders

Benjamin Spock


Gloria Steinem


Stonewall Inn Riots

Stranger in a Strange Land

The Strawberry Statement

Barbra Streisand

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

Student Rights Movement

Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)

Summer of Love

Super Bowl

Supersonic Jets

Supreme Court Decisions



Jacqueline Susann

Switched-on Bach

Elizabeth Taylor

Teachers Strikes

The Teachings of Don Juan

El Teatro Campesino

Telecommunications Satellites



Megan Terry

Tet Offensive

Texas Tower Murders



Theater of the Absurd

Hunter S. Thompson

Virgil Thomson

Thresher Disaster

Tiny Tim

To Kill a Mockingbird


The Tonight Show


Trieste Dive

Trips Festival

Triton Submarine



Two thousand one: A Space Odyssey

Anne Tyler

U-2 Spy Plane Incident

Underground Newspapers


Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs)

Unions and Collective Bargaining

United Mexican American Students (UMAS)

John Updike

Urban Renewal

Vatican II

Videocassette recorders (VCR)

Vietnam War

Voting Rights Legislation

George Wallace

War on Poverty

War Resisters League

Andy Warhol

Earl Warren

Warren Report

Washington, D.C., Riots

Water Pollution

Watts Riot

Annie Dodge Wauneka

The Way to Rainy Mountain


Weight Watchers

Welfare State

What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?

White Panthers

Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

The Wild Bunch

Wilderness Act of 1964

Wolfman Jack

Women in the Workforce

Women’s Identity

Woodstock Festival

World Health Organization (WHO)

Mickey Wright


Andrew Young

Young Americans for Freedom

Young Lords

Youth Culture and the Generation Gap

Frank Zappa

Major Films of the 1960’s

Major Broadway Plays and Awardsof the 1960’s

Most-Watched U.S. Television Showsof the 1960’s

Time Line: Major U.S. Legislation of the 1960’s

Time Line: U.S. Supreme Court Decisions in the 1960’s

Best-Selling U.S. Books in the 1960’s

Time Line: Popular Musicians of the 1960’s

Top-Selling U.S. Recordingsof the 1960’s

Time Line: Science and Technology of the 1960’s

Winners of Major Sports Events in the 1960’s

Statistical Look at the United States in the 1960s

Time Line of the 1960’s in America

Pulitzer Prize Winners in the 1960’s

Publisher’s Note