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Great Events from History: LGBTQ, 2nd Edition

Table of Contents

Publisher’s Note



Editor’s Introduction



Complete List of Contents



A-Z List of Contents



Contributors



Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention



Whitman Publishes Leaves of Grass



Mary Edwards Walker Is Awarded the Medal of Honor



Karl Heinrich Ulrichs Speaks Publicly for Gay and Lesbian Rights



Kertbeny Coins the Terms “Homosexual” and “Heterosexual”



Westphal Advocates Medical Treatment for Sexual Inversion



United Kingdom Criminalizes “Gross Indecency”



Two-Spirit American Indian Visits Washington, D.C.



Alice Mitchell Found Guilty of Murdering Her Lover



Oscar Wilde Is Convicted of Gross Indecency



Der Eigene Is Published as First Journal on Homosexuality



Raffalovich Publishes Uranisme et Unisexualite



Ellis Publishes Sexual Inversion



Hirschfeld Founds the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee



Transgender Reporter Covers Spanish-American War Revolts



Police Arrest “Los 41” in Mexico City



Stein Writes Q.E.D.



Freud Rejects Third-Sex Theory



Friedlaender Breaks with the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee



The Eulenburg Affair Scandalizes Germany’s Leadership



Carpenter Publishes The Intermediate Sex



Barney Opens Her Paris Salon



Robles Fights in the Mexican Revolution



U.S. Navy Launches Sting Operation Against “Sexual Perverts”



Gays and Lesbians Contribute to the Harlem Renaissance



The God of Vengeance Opens on Broadway



Gide Publishes the Signed Edition of Corydon



Gerber Founds the Society for Human Rights



Wales Padlock Law Censors Risque Theater



Hall Publishes The Well of Loneliness



Davis’s Research Identifies Lesbian Sexuality as Common and Normal



Pandora’s Box Opens



Hollywood Bans “Sexual Perversion” in Films



Nazis Persecute Homosexuals



Hitler’s Night of the Long Knives



Isherwood Publishes Goodbye to Berlin



Thompson v. Aldredge Dismisses Sodomy Charges Against Lesbians



Golden Age of American Gay Literature



Vice Versa Is Published as First Lesbian Periodical



Kinsey Publishes Sexual Behavior in the Human Male



Mattachine Society Is Founded



George Jorgensen Becomes Christine Jorgensen



APA Classifies Homosexuality as a Mental Disorder



One, Inc., Is Founded



U.S. Law Prohibits Gay and Lesbian Immigration



Kinsey Publishes Sexual Behavior in the Human Female



One Magazine Begins Publication



Evelyn Hooker Debunks Beliefs That Homosexuality is a “Sickness”



U.S. President Eisenhower Prohibits Federal Employment of Lesbians and Gays



Daughters Of Bilitis Founded as First National Lesbian Group in United States



Baldwin Publishes Giovanni’s Room



Foster Publishes Sex Variant Women in Literature



United Kingdom’s Sexual Offences Act Becomes Law



The Wolfenden Report Calls for Decriminalizing Private Consensual Sex



First National Lesbian Conference Convenes



Illinois Legalizes Consensual Homosexual Sex



Sarria Is First Out Gay or Lesbian Candidate for Public Office



Rechy Publishes City of Night



Rustin Organizes the March on Washington



Revolutionary Cuba Imprisons Gays



First North American Conference of Homophile Organizations Convenes



Queer Youth Fight Police Harassment at Compton’s Cafeteria in San Francisco



First Gender Identity Clinic Opens and Provides Gender Reassignment Surgery



Los Angeles Advocate Begins Publication



CBS Airs CBS Reports: The Homosexuals



First Student Homophile League Is Formed



U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Law Preventing Immigration of Gays and Lesbians



United Kingdom Decriminalizes Homosexual Sex



Oscar Wilde Memorial Bookshop Opens as First Gay Bookstore



Nacho Formally Becomes the First Gay Political Coalition



Metropolitan Community Church Is Founded



Nuestro Mundo Forms as First Queer Organization in Argentina



Gay Catholics Found Dignity



Stonewall Rebellion Ignites Modern Gay and Lesbian Rights Movement



Gay Liberation Front Is Formed



Canada Decriminalizes Homosexual Acts



Time Magazine Issues “The Homosexual in America”



Amazon Bookstore Opens as First Feminist-Lesbian Book Shop



Lavender Menace Protests Homophobia in Women’s Movement



Radicalesbians Issues “the Woman Identified Woman” Manifesto



First Lesbian and Gay Pride March in the United States



Del Martin Quits Gay Liberation Movement



Kameny Is First Out Candidate for U.S. Congress



Lesbian Tide Publishes Its First Issue



Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Center is Founded



The Gay Book Award Debuts



The Body Politic Begins Publication



Local Governments Pass Antidiscrimination Laws



First Gay And Lesbian Synagogue in the United States is Formed



Equal Rights Amendment Fails State Ratification



First Out Gay Minister Is Ordained



Jordan Becomes First Black Congresswoman from the South



Brown Publishes Rubyfruit Jungle



Naiad Press Is Founded



National Gay Task Force Is Formed



Olivia Records Is Founded



Roe v. Wade Legalizes Abortion and Extends Privacy Rights



U.S. Supreme Court Supports Local Obscenity Laws



American Bar Association Calls for Repeal of Laws Against Consensual Sex



Lesbian Herstory Archives Is Founded



Lambda Legal Authorized to Practice Law



Homosexuality Is Delisted by the APA



Bisexual Forum Is Founded



The Front Runner Makes The New York Times Best-Seller List



Antigay and Antilesbian Organizations Begin to Form



Abzug and Koch Attempt to Amend the Civil Rights Act of 1964



Lesbian Connection Begins Publication



Noble Is First Out Lesbian or Gay Person to Win State-Level Election



First Gay and Lesbian Archives Is Founded



First Novel About Coming Out to Parents Is Published



Gay American Indians Is Founded



Rule Publishes Lesbian Images



Gay Latino Alliance Is Formed



U.S. Civil Service Commission Prohibits Discrimination Against Federal Employees



Anna Crusis Women’s Choir Is Formed



U.S. Supreme Court Rules in “Crimes Against Nature” Case



Foucault Publishes Volume I of L’Histoire de la sexualité



Katz Publishes First Lesbian and Gay History Anthology



Army Reservist Ben-Shalom Sues for Reinstatement



Michigan Womyn’s Music Festival Holds Its First Gathering



Anita Bryant Campaigns Against Gay and Lesbian Rights



Combahee River Collective Issues “A Black Feminist Statement”



National Women’s Conference Convenes



Quebec Includes Lesbians And Gays in Its Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms



Toronto Police Raid Offices of The Body Politic



Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association Is Founded



Lesbian and Gay Workplace Movement Is Founded



U.S. Supreme Court Distinguishes Between “Indecent” and “Obscene”



International Lesbian and Gay Association Is Founded



Antigay and Antilesbian Briggs Initiative Is Defeated



White Murders Politicians Moscone and Milk



Moral Majority Is Founded



First Gay British Television Series Airs



First March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights



First National Third World Lesbian and Gay Conference Convenes



Lesbian and Gay Asian Collective Is Founded



Alyson Begins Publishing Gay and Lesbian Books



Rich Publishes “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence”



Gay Writers Form the Violet Quill



Human Rights Campaign Fund Is Founded



U.S. Navy Investigates the USS Norton Sound in Antilesbian Witch Hunt



Canadian Gay Postal Workers Secure Union Protections



Faderman Publishes Surpassing the Love of Men



Gay and Lesbian Palimony Suits Emerge



Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays Is Founded



This Bridge Called My Back Is Published



Gala Choruses Is Formed



Toronto Police Raid Gay Bathhouses



Reports of Rare Diseases Mark Beginning of Aids Epidemic



San Francisco Gay Men’s Chorus Concert Tour



Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press Is Founded



New York City Gay Men’s Chorus Performs at Carnegie Hall



Lesbian and Gay Youth Protection Institute Is Founded



Lorde’s Autobiography Zami Is Published



Lesbian Academic and Activist Sues University of California For Discrimination



Wisconsin Enacts First Statewide Gay and Lesbian Civil Rights Law



Gay-Related Immunodeficiency Is Renamed AIDS



First Gay Games Are Held in San Francisco



Studds Is First Out Gay Man in the U.S. Congress



First National Lesbians of Color Conference Convenes



AIDS Virus Is Discovered



San Francisco Closes Gay Bathhouses and Other Businesses



West Hollywood Incorporates with Majority Gay and Lesbian City Council



Berkeley Extends Benefits to Domestic Partners of City Employees



GLAAD Begins Monitoring Media Coverage of Gays and Lesbians



Lesbian Film Desert Hearts Is Released



Actor Hudson Announces He Has AIDS



Bowers v. Hardwick Upholds State Sodomy Laws



Paula Gunn Allen Publishes The Sacred Hoop



South Asian Newsletter Trikone Begins Publication



AZT Treats People with AIDS



Californians Reject LaRouche’s Quarantine Initiative



Anzaldúa Publishes Borderlands/La Frontera



Asian Pacific Lesbian Network Is Founded



Compañeras: Latina Lesbians Is Published



Shilts Publishes And the Band Played On



VIVA Is Founded to Promote Latina and Latino Artists



Radical AIDS Activist Group ACT UP Is Founded



Old Lesbians Organize for Change



Lambda Rising Book Report Begins Publication



U.S. Congressman Frank Comes Out as Gay



Second March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights



Latin American and Caribbean Lesbian Feminist Network Is Formed



Macho Dancer Is Released in the Philippines



Canada Decriminalizes Sex Practices Between Consenting Adults



M. Butterfly Opens on Broadway



Lavender Youth Recreation and Information Center Opens



Report of the Presidential AIDS Commission



First National Coming Out Day Is Celebrated



Oregon Repeals Ban on Antigay Job Discrimination



First World AIDS Day



Act Up Paris Is Founded



Vaid Becomes Executive Director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force



Helms Claims Photographs Are Indecent



Death of Transgender Jazz Musician Billy Tipton



U.S. Supreme Court Rules Gender-Role Stereotyping Is Discriminatory



Watkins V. United States Army Reinstates Gay Soldier



Lambda Literary Award Is Created



ACT UP Protests at St. Patrick’s Cathedral



Judith Butler Publishes Gender Trouble



International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission Is Founded



Sedgwick Publishes Epistemology of the Closet



United Lesbians of African Heritage Is Founded



Artists Sue the National Endowment for the Arts



Coming out Under Fire Documents Gay and Lesbian Military Veterans



Queer Nation Is Founded



BiNet USA Is Formed



Americans with Disabilities Act Becomes Law



Asian Lesbian Network Holds Its First Conference



LeVay Postulates the “Gay Brain”



Revisionist Criticism Recasts Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz



Stone Publishes “A Posttranssexual Manifesto”



Asian Lesbians and Gays Protest Lambda Fund-Raiser



Leather Archives and Museum Is Founded



The Advocate Outs Pentagon Spokesman Pete Williams



California Governor Wilson Vetoes Antidiscrimination Bill



Minnesota Court Awards Guardianship to Lesbian Partner



Canada Grants Asylum Based on Sexual Orientation



Canadian YMCA Extends Family Discounts to Gays and Lesbians



Transgender Nation Holds Its First Protest



Celebrity Lesbians Come Out



Indians Struggle to Abolish Sodomy Law



Canadian Government Antigay Campaign Is Revealed



Feinberg Publishes Transgender Liberation



Massachusetts Grants Family Rights to Gay and Lesbian State Workers



Canadian Military Lifts Its Ban on Gays and Lesbians



Oregon and Colorado Attempt Antigay Initiatives



Angels in America Officially Opens on November 8, 1992



Intersex Society of North America Is Founded



Monette Wins the National Book Award for Becoming a Man



The Wedding Banquet Is First Acclaimed Taiwanese Gay-Themed Film



Hawaii Opens Door to Same-Gender Marriages



Battelle Sex Study Prompts Conservative Backlash



First Dyke March Is Held in Washington, D.C.



March on Washington for Gay, Lesbian, and Bi Equal Rights and Liberation



Achtenberg Becomes Assistant Housing Secretary



Clinton Appoints First AIDS Czar



Lesbian Mother Loses Custody of Her Child



Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Policy Is Implemented



Transgender Man Brandon Teena Raped and Murdered



Employment Non-Discrimination Act Is Proposed to U.S. Congress



National Association of Lesbian and Gay Community Centers Is Founded



Navratilova Honored for Her Career in Tennis



Stonewall 25 March and Rallies are Held in New York City



Japanese American Citizens League Supports Same-Gender Marriage



U.N. Revokes Consultative Status of International Lesbian and Gay Association



The Advocate Outs Oscar Nominee Nigel Hawthorne



Athlete Louganis Announces He Is HIV-Positive



International Bill of Gender Rights Is First Circulated



Lesbian Couple Murdered in Oregon



Hart Recognized as a Transgender Man



South African Constitution Prohibits Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation



U.S. President Clinton Signs Defense of Marriage Act



Ellen Comes Out as a Lesbian



Transgender Scholarship Proliferates



Canadian Supreme Court Reverses Gay Academic’s Firing



Gay College Student Shepard Is Beaten and Murdered



First International Retreat For Lesbian and Gay Muslims Is Held



Screening of Fire Ignites Violent Protests in India



Constitutional Court of Colombia Rules on Intersex Surgery Consent



Littleton v. Prange Withholds Survivor Rights from Transsexual Spouses



First Middle Eastern Gay and Lesbian Organization Is Founded



Baker v. Vermont Leads To Recognition of Same-Gender Civil Unions



United Kingdom Lifts Ban on Gays and Lesbians in the Military



Hollywood Awards Transgender Portrayals in Film



Boy Scouts of America v. Dale



Asexual Visibility and Education Network Is Founded



Chinese Psychiatric Association Removes Homosexuality from List of Mental Disorders



Japanese Human Rights Council Recommends Lesbian and Gay Rights



First Gay and Lesbian Television Network Is Launched in Canada



Sylvia Rivera Law Project Is Founded



Transgender Rights Added to New York City Law



Gays and Lesbians March for Equal Rights in Mexico City



Irish American Lesbian Gains Canadian Immigrant Status



Transgender Teen Gwen Araujo Is Murdered in California



Australian Court Validates Transsexual Marriage



Transsexuals Protest Academic Exploitation



New Mexico Amends Its Human Rights Act



Buenos Aires Recognizes Same-Gender Civil Unions



Canada Legalizes Same-Gender Marriage



U.S. Supreme Court Overturns Texas Sodomy Law



Singapore Lifts Ban on Hiring Lesbian and Gay Employees



Wal-Mart Adds Lesbians and Gays to Its Antidiscrimination Policy



Massachusetts Court Rules for Same-Gender Marriage



Transgender Day of Remembrance and Remembering Our Dead Project



The History Boys Officially Opens on May 18, 2004.



Robinson Becomes First Out Gay Bishop in Christian History



Transsexual Athletes Allowed to Compete in Olympic Games



United Kingdom Legalizes Same-Gender Civil Partnerships



United Kingdom’s Gender Recognition Act Legalizes Transsexual Marriage



Spain Legalizes Same-Gender Marriage



Roman Catholic Church Bans Gay Seminarians



Jiménez Flores Elected to the Mexican Senate



Brokeback Mountain, Capote, and Transamerica Receive Oscars



Larry Kramer Attacks Queer Studies



Butler Rejects Civil Rights Award from German Group



Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Policy is Repealed



San Francisco Issues an Official Report About Bisexuals



Tony Briffa Elected Mayor of Hobsons Bay, Australia



Uganda Passes Anti-Homosexuality Act



Boy Scouts of America Moves Toward Acceptance of Sexual and Gender Minorities



Supreme Court of India Finds Law Prohibiting Gay Sex Constitutional



Russia Enacts “Homosexual Propaganda” Law



Time Magazine Calls 2014 the “Transgender Tipping Point”



Caitlyn Jenner Becomes the World’s Most Famous Transgender Person



The United States Supreme Court Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage



China Prohibits Depictions of LGBTQ People on Television



Bibliography



Chronology